San Miguel de Velasco

San Miguel is a country town in the department of Santa Cruz in the South American Andes State of Bolivia.

Location in near space

San Miguel is the central place of the district ( bolivian: municipality ) in the province of San Miguel José Miguel de Velasco. The city lies at an altitude of 485 m in the region Chiquitanía, a trackside as yet unspoilt countryside between Santa Cruz and the Brazilian border.


San Miguel is located in the Bolivian lowlands in the semi- humid climate of the warm tropics. The average monthly temperatures vary during the year only slightly between 20.8 ° C in June and 26.8 ° C in October, where they are almost constant from September to March at 26 ° C. The annual mean temperature is 24.5 °. (see climate chart San Ignacio de Velasco )

The annual rainfall is in the long -term average at 1257 mm. Three-quarters of the precipitation falling in the rainy season from November to March, while in the dry season hardly fall 30 per mm per month in the arid months of June, July and August.

Traffic network

San Miguel is located in the north-east 435 kilometers by road from Santa Cruz, the capital of the department.

From Santa Cruz leads from the paved highway Ruta 4 to 57 km in the north via Warnes to Montero. Here she meets the Ruta 10, which leads east over a distance of 279 km, and the towns of San Ramón, San Javier and Santa Rosa de Roca crosses as asphalt road. In the remaining 60 km to the provincial capital of San Ignacio de Velasco, the road is unpaved, well on its 310 km long way further east along the Brazilian border on San Vicente to San Matías and further into the Brazilian city of Cáceres.

From San Ignacio to the south leads the highway Ruta 17 south and reaches 38 km from San Miguel de Velasco. The road continues in a southeasterly direction to San Rafael de Velasco and San José de Chiquitos, from there via the Ruta 4 south to Roboré and Puerto Suárez.


The population of the city has remained in the past two decades about the same, risen by about a third in the meantime:


The city is known by one of the Jesuit Reductions of Chiquitos, which were declared in 1990 a UNESCO World Heritage Site.