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Saturn (Latin: Saturnus ) is in Roman mythology, the god of sowing. He was identified early on with the Greek Kronos.
Saturn was especially the god of agriculture and was a symbol of the mythical Golden Age, the Saturnia regna.
According to Hesiod, he is the son of the sky god and the earth goddess Tellus Caelus. He comes to great power, after he has his father overwhelmed and neutered. A prophecy, however, predicts that he will be overthrown by the hand of his own son. Therefore Saturn devoured all of his children, tucked up to his sixth child of Jupiter, the Saturn's wife Ops on the island of Crete held and her husband in his place a stone wrapped in clothes offered (see also Omphalos ) (compare with Kronos, Rhea and Zeus ). After he was deposed by Jupiter he fled along with Ops ( it corresponds to the Greek Rhea ), the Roman goddess of harvest and fertility blessing to Latium, where he was received by Janus. In gratitude, he taught the inhabitants of Latium, the art of agriculture.
Along with Saturn was widely forgotten goddess Lua ( which was originally regarded by the Romans as his wife or daughter) honored that has been associated with destruction.
In the temple of Saturn at the foot of the Capitoline Hill, the Roman treasury ( aerarium Saturn ) was kept. Its main festival, the Saturnalia, found every year on 17 December, over several days instead. It was the most popular and joyful celebration in ancient Rome ( one gifted each other and treated the slaves on their own table ).
He is assigned to Saturn, the sixth and antiquity of the outermost (and thus the slowest moving ) of the planet. The English name of day "Saturday " refers to this planet.
In medieval astrology Saturn was - which is traditionally depicted with a sickle or scythe - for misfortune: worry, melancholy, diseases and hard work, but also for order and measure.