Scamander (Greek Σκάμανδρος ) In Greek mythology, the god of the river Scamander. He was, according to Hesiod, one of the river gods who begat Okeanos with Tethys. When his children are mentioned among other Rhoio, Teucer and Callirhoe.

Trojan myths

According to Homer's Iliad, the river god, however, was called Xanthus only with men Scamander, at the Olympic gods. In Troy, located on the banks of the river, he enjoyed divine honors, and had its own priest named Dolopion; they killed him and threw bulls live horses into its vortex. With Idaia, a nymph of the Ida mountains, he became the father of Teucer, the first Trojan king. Scamander ' daughter married Kallirrhoe Tros, who is regarded as the ancestor of the Trojans. The later military leader Hector named his son Astyanax even with the name Skamandrios.

During the siege of God stood with the Trojans. Even before one of the alarms had envisaged that the Rhesus should not soak on that river his horses when the Achaeans wanted to remain victorious. As Achilles later raged in its waters among the defenders of the city, gave Scamander Asteropaios, the leader of the Paionians, new courage; Achilles but he appeared in human form and told him to leave the river bed. This obeyed first; but as he soon jumped back into the water, the god chased the hero out into the flat terrain and pursued him. Poseidon and Athena jumped at Achilles, whereupon Scamander called his brother Simoeis to help. Only Hephaestus, sent by Hera could, with his fire command the river god stop.

Plutarch of a daughter of Scamander called Glaukia the speech. She was pregnant by Deimachos; who fell before Troy, she sought protection from Heracles. The hero brought to Boeotia, where she gave birth to a son. She named him after his grandfather: Scamander. As the grandson prevailed later on Eleon, the river Inachus was renamed in his honor in Scamander.

Different genealogies

Unlike stated by Hesiod Genealogy Scamander appears in Homer as the son of Zeus.

In another version of the Scamander was originally a king of Crete. Because of a famine, he left the island with a large part of his people. Apollo had foretold him to settle wherever he might be the night of " natives " besieged. In Phrygia now found the emigrants one morning that at night mice had gnawed the bowstrings and the leather stuff of arms. Scamander saw fulfilled the prophecy, and they struck at the foot of Ida reside on. In a later battle against the neighboring Bebryker the king fell into the river Xanthos and disappeared. The Cretans called the water afterwards Scamander. The son of their leader, Teucer, for its part, was king of this land. It is interesting in this context that, the Massif Central Crete called Ida mountains.

Strabo mentions the same legend about the foundation of the town Hamaxitos, today's Babakale, in the extreme southwest of the Troad by the Teucri (instead of " natives " but he speaks of " mortals "). In it, he sees the reason for the appearance of a mouse at the foot of the statue of Apollo started by Scopas Smintheus in whose temple at nearby Chryse.

In pseudo - Plutarch, in turn, is to read that the Scamander to have been a son of Demodike and Korybas. During the celebration of the mysteries of Rhea he saw the face of the goddess, was furious thereat and plunged into the Xanthos. A later legend continues to evolve: On the river Scamander since growing a plant with trembling berries; who they carry with them, afraid of no divine phenomena.