Scranton is an American city in the northeast of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania in Lackawanna County. The city had an area of 65.9 km ² on 1 July 2006 72 861 inhabitants. Scranton has an airfield, the Scranton Municipal Airport.
The city is the county seat of Lackawanna County and is the largest city in an anthracite coal mining region. Scranton became a city on April 23, 1866.
Scranton is a typical representative of the cities in the so-called Rust Belt, the early industrialized cities in the hinterland of the American east coast that have been hit particularly hard by the decline of the steel industry in the 20th century.
The city developed as a major railway hub for the transport of coal. The railway history is preserved in Steamtown National Historic Site. As the first city in the United States Scranton had an electric tram. The highlight of the population was reached in the 1930s, since then, the population has halved. In addition Scranton in 2012 is the city with the highest unemployment in Pennsylvania, so that the part designed for a much larger population infrastructure caused 9.2% cost that can no longer cover the shrinking tax base of the community. In July 2012, the mayor explained that were present in the coffers of the municipality of just $ 5000 and unilaterally reduced the salaries of all employees, including his own at the statutory minimum wage of $ 7.50 / h Public service unions filed complaints without delay.
Awareness of the city has increased since the airing of the series The Office, set in Scranton, strong.
1888, the Jesuit University of Scranton was founded.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Jane Jacobs (1916-2006), activist and publicist to urban issues
- Lizabeth Scott ( * 1922 ), actress
- Joe Biden ( born 1942 ), former U.S. Senator from Delaware and 47th Vice President of the United States
- William Kotzwinkle (* 1943), writer
- Teddy Mayer (1935-2009), Motorsport Manager
- Russ Morgan (1904-1969), bandleader, pianist, trombonist and composer
- Mike Munchak ( born 1960 ), American football player and coach
- Moppa Elliott (born 1978 ), jazz musician
- Chris Cerulli ( born 1986 ), singer