The Grim District ( District de la french Singine, Freiburg Patois le dichtri de la Chindzena? / I ) is one of seven districts in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland and the only purely German -speaking these districts.
It is named after the Sense River, which forms most of its eastern border with the Canton of Bern. The Ärgera flows through the sense land, their source is located, as well as the scythe, the Senseoberland. This is located in the southern part of the district and is one of the Fribourg Pre-Alps. North and west, however, are densely populated and are among the agglomerations Bern and Fribourg.
Between the 7th and 8th centuries, the Alemanni began with the settlement of the region and were carriers of Germanization and land development from clearing in the southeast of Canton today. In places, they crossed the Sarine.
The region Sense was first mentioned in 1076 as Sensuna and since the re-division of the former four Stadtpanner a separate district. The Grim district belonged to the Ancien Régime largely to Aupanner and thus to the territory of the Republic of Freiburg ( Respublicas friburgensis ). The Grim district also has its own dialect, which is referred to as Senslerdeutsch.
The chief official of the Sense district ( Government governor ) called Nicolas Bürgisser. The bailiff is elected every five years by the people. He is responsible for public order and has the tools to " fire brigade " and " police " are available. He also oversees the proper functioning of municipalities ( the appeal authority for decision by the municipality ) and is the administrative body for the hunting, fishing and the management of dogs. The bailiff also provides penalty orders from (areas traffic offenses and building inspectors ).
The Grim district has 42'014 inhabitants (as at 31 December 2012). This makes it the third largest district in the canton. The population density is 158 inh. / Km ² under the cantonal average.
For Sensebezirk include 19 municipalities. In the past, Neuhaus merged with Plasselb and Eicholz with Giffers.
Changes in the community inventory
Communities until 1921
Communities by 1952
Communities by 1961
Communities by 1970
Communities to 1973