- Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
- Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs
- Without working trial
Male: 53.5 to 60 cm ( 21 to 23.5 inches) Female: 50.5 to 56 cm (20-22 inches)
Male: 20.5 to 28 kg ( 45-60 lbs) Female: 15.5 to 23 kg ( 35-50 lbs)
The Siberian Husky is a breed recognized by the FCI (Group 5, Section 1, Standard No. 270 ) from the USA.
Origin and History
The ancestors of the Siberian Husky originate from northern Siberia. There they were for centuries an indispensable companion of the nomadic peoples living there, such as the Chukchi.
1909, reported a native of Siberia fur traders William Goosak with its small, relatively delicate dogs to the "All Alaska Sweepstakes" Sled Dog Race (408 miles from Nome to Candle and back ) on. He was ridiculed for his " little dogs ". Goosak occupied in this demanding race in third. The following year, won John Johnson ( "Iron Man" ) with as small dogs. The two other registered teams of "Siberian Huskies " occupied positions two and four. Then was founded in 1910 in Alaska breeding by the Norwegian musher Leonard Seppala. A significant role for the breed development was played by, among others, Seppalas dog Togo.
The main features of appearance are in accordance with the breed standard: the males are up to 60 cm and the females up to 56 cm tall. The weight of adult males is up to 28 kg, and that of females to 23 kg. The structure of the body should be substantially rectangular, the height of the trunk should be in good proportion to the length. The most essential in the evaluation of the physique is the suitability of the Huskies for traction work. The coat of the Siberian Husky is composed of two layers: the undercoat and a medium long outer coat. While the undercoat, which is one-to changed twice a year, pure white or slightly colored, the outer coat can take all the stains from white to red and gray to black. The most common markings on the body is a good coloration on the back, which is sometimes becoming weaker over the sides of the belly. The drawing Pinto ( piebald coat ) is rarely observed. Abdomen and chest are usually pure white.
The skull is running to the eyes slightly convergent and has a definite stop on. It should give an overall not too bulky impression. The catch running towards the nose slightly together, without being pointed. The ears are medium size, triangular, close fitting and set high. They are thick and well furred. The nose is adapted to the coat color, liver colored with red, black with black and gray dogs. However, a not fully pronounced pigmentation ( so-called snow nose) is not a breed fault. The eyes can be blue or brown or amber. The occurrence of different-colored or mixed colored eyes corresponds to the breed standard. Often one eye is brown and the other blue colored ( Odd -eyed ). The top coat is often conspicuously marked in the form of an open or closed mask. According to the standard of the Siberian Husky has a sickle, which should not be worn rolled over the body. The bushy tail of the Husky is equipped with particularly stiff stick hair and contains no (or little) undercoat. Thus, the Husky is able to can be completely snowed in a snow storm, by curling up and puts his nose under the tail. This acts as an air filter and air preheating so that the Husky can spend the night under the snow.
The Husky is adapted to the polar regions optimal. His fur has two layers: the outer coat, which are water repellent and sturdy, and the undercoat, which consists of fine hair. The two layers form an optimal thermal insulation, because the undercoat is in the movements of the dog heat (friction), and the top hair preventing heat loss. Paws are comparatively smaller and more compact than that of similarly sized dogs at Husky. Thus, here the heat loss is counteracted, and the risk of injury is limited.
The Husky is able (with sufficient training ) to pull the nine times its own body weight, and is about a vital livestock and family member of the Inuit become. Puppies are raised together with their own children in the house that produced the human - and child-friendly properties of the Huskies. They had to also make each episode because the carriages were not only driven by a man. So even the most obedient and friendly dogs were used for breeding. Huskies have an excellent sense of direction, through which they never stray from familiar paths, even if they are no longer visible through the thick blanket of snow.
The FCI describes the Husky follows: The characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing. He is not a guard dog and shows himself to strangers or other dogs rarely suspicious. He is intelligence and good Dirigierbarkeit reputed and is a good companion and willing working dog.