Sophus Bugge ( born January 5, 1833 in Larvik, † July 8, 1907 in Tynset ) was a Norwegian philologist, who dealt especially with the Old Norse language and literature, but also with the runology. Particularly well known are his work on the prose and the Poetic Edda.
Bugge received his education in Christiania (now Oslo ), Copenhagen and Berlin. In 1886 he was appointed in Christiania professor of comparative linguistics and Old Norse. In addition to the study of Norwegian folk songs and traditions, he wrote about runic inscriptions and made a significant contribution to the Celtic, Roman, Oscan, Umbrian and Hittite philology. Even as a student he had traveled to Telemark to collect Norwegian folk songs.
Bugge has written a number of philological and folklore books. His most famous work is the 1867 published a critical edition of the Poetic Edda ( Original title: Norrœn fornkvæði ). He took the view that the songs of the Edda and the oldest Sagas were based on Christian and Latin traditions that had been imported via England to Scandinavia.
Bugge was a member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences, since 1865 the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, since 1872 the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala, since 1878, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, since 1881 Kungliga Vitterhets History och Antikvitets Academies and since 1885 since 1858 Kungliga Vetenskaps -och Vitterhetssamhället i Göteborg. On January 21, 1896, he was decorated with the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav for " academic achievement " by the Norwegian king.
The Magic Apples (see The Story of Little Muck ) - Sophus Bugge and Rikard mountains