Tahir Yahya (Arabic طاهر يحيى, DMG Tahir Yahya, * 1913, Tikrit, † 1986) was an Iraqi general and 1963-1968 twice Prime Minister of Iraq under both Arif President. He belonged to the clan of the province Schaya'ischa Tikrit.
As an officer Yahya has already participated in the revolution of July 14, 1958, but fell out of favor after a coup attempt against Abd al- Karim Qasim in 1959. On behalf of the conspirators he contacted the KDP and Kurdish leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani to in order to assure its neutrality in the overthrow of Qasim's for. After the seizure of the Baathists on 8 February 1963, the assassination of Qasim Yahya joined the Baath Party in, was promoted to Chief of Staff, and led, ultimately in vain, for Premier Ahmad Hasan al -Bakr negotiations with Barzani over one end of the Kurdish uprising.
During the power struggles in November 1963 expelled from the Baath Party, Yahya was appointed on 20 November 1963 by President Abd as- Salam Arif in place of the deposed al -Bakr to Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense and May 8, 1964 Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. He ordered the dissolution of the Baath National Guard and joined the established by Arif after nasseristischem model Arab Socialist Union. Yahya pleaded for a return to the parliamentary system, the lifting of martial law and the resolution of the Revolutionary Command Council. The Kurdish leaders were also released as imprisoned Baathists ( Saddam Hussein ), but the war in Kurdistan erupted on April 4, 1965 again, and Yahya's troops could not beat the rebels.
Yahya nationalized some insurance companies, banks and large companies in the steel industry, Arif proclaimed the " Socialist and Democratic Republic of Iraq " and announced the establishment of an Arab socialism after the Egyptian model. For this purpose, a common Presidential Council and a United Political leadership with Egypt was formed and adopted the Egyptian national anthem and the Egyptian coat of arms eagle.
For Germany 's most important highlight in Yahya's first term in office on May 12, 1965, the severance of diplomatic relations with the Federal Republic in response to the German recognition of Israel. Nasser's Egypt and all Arab states follow a day later the Iraqi model, after Nasser had already received GDR state and party leader Walter Ulbricht on a state visit in the spring. (Iraq is the way, 1969 also be the first Arab country to the GDR recognizes diplomatically. ) After Yahya's government alliance was broken with the Arab nationalists ( Nasserist ) in July 1965, and President Arif dumped him first and replaced Yahya on 6 September 1965 by the Nasserist air Force General Arif Abd ar- Razzaq.
After two coup attempts ar - Razzaqs, the change of president under Prime Minister Abd al-Rahman al - Bazzaz, the failure of the government of General Naji Talib ( Yahya's Foreign Minister 1964-65 ) and the Arab defeat in the Six Day War, he was appointed the new President Abd ar -Rahman Arif again on 10 July 1967 at the head of the Cabinet. Yahya's " government of the military rescue " continued his anti-imperialist course and also broke off relations with the U.S. and the UK. With Soviet aid Yahya pursued a more independent oil policy, opened up the oil field Rumaila North and urged the Iraqi Petroleum Company back.
However, the economic corruption and discontent of the military, he was not the master. After an ultimatum Baathist and nationalist officers Arif Yahya resigned on 15 July 1968 to clear the way for al -Bakr. Arif but did not respond, on July 17 finally took al -Bakr in a bloodless coup d'état. Yahya reportedly went along with Arif into exile, where he said to have died in 1986. Most likely, but finished Yahya his life in an Iraqi prison.
Abd al- Karim Qasim | Ahmad Hasan al -Bakr | Tahir Yahya | Arif Abd ar- Razzaq | Abd ar -Rahman al - Bazzaz | Naji Talib | Abd ar -Rahman Arif | Tahir Yahya | Abd ar- Razzaq an- Naif | Ahmad Hasan al -Bakr | Saddam Hussein | Saadoun Hammadi | Muhammad Hamza al- Zubaidi | Ahmad Hussein al- Samarrai Chudair | Saddam Hussein U.S. civil administrator Jay Garner | Paul Bremer Iyad Allawi | Ibrahim al - Jafari | Nuri al -Maliki
- Military person (Iraq)
- Prime Minister (Iraq)
- Born in 1913
- Died in 1986