Trolleybuses in Quito
The trolleybus Quito (Spanish: Trolebus de Quito or colloquially el Trole ) is the only trolleybus operation in Ecuador. He is from the transport company Compañía Trolebus Quito SA - Formerly Unidad Opera Dora del Sistema Trolebus / UOST - out and forms the backbone of public transport in the Ecuadorian capital Quito.
In the metropolis of Quito was established in 1994 with the construction of trolleybus route for the second time an electric urban transport. The first was the 1914-1948 traffic streetcar Quito, the Tranvía de Quito. The structure of the course was the anxious about their interests bus and taxi companies accompanied by acts of sabotage and was partially under police protection. The new trolleybus system was finally put into operation on 18 December 1995. There is to date only a single route, branches are not present. This runs through the elongated city of Nord ( La Estación Norte "Y" spoke [ each ] ) to south ( metro stop Quitumbe ). A total of 37 stations are operated, including five in only one direction. The individual pieces went into operation as follows:
A special feature is the partially steep climbs, the route is up to 15.7 percent steep. Today, the trolleybus Quito daily transports about 250,000 passengers in planning one was still assumed a ridership of 120,000 passengers a day only.
Infrastructure and operation
The Trolleybusstrecke in Quito is largely similar to a bus trace independently from individual traced out, the operation is not, however, trace out. As an extra stops are equipped with 65 cm high and covered bus platforms, these same known of light rail systems high platforms. Getting into the car is thus similar continuously as in a modern light rail. Because this is south of the station Estación Sur El Recreo is central platforms No. comparable to the central platforms in rail transport, trolley buses there, contrary to the usual mode of order in the left-hand traffic. Furthermore, the stops have access barriers. The ride costs $ 0.25, to be paid when entering the Bussteigs.
The section is traversed by the lines C1, C2, C4, C5 and CQ -R, they operate in part but only certain sections. Lines C2, C4 and C5 are express lines ( Semiexpresos ), they serve only certain stops. Through this line overlay is a dense stroke, partially operate trolley buses every two minutes. A maximum of 103 of the 113 existing cars simultaneously in use, they are distributed as follows among the five lines:
- C1: 49 cars
- C2: 29 cars
- C4: 12 cars
- C5: 8 cars
- CQ -R: 5 cars
The fleet now consists of 113 articulated cars with diesel auxiliary drive, the type designation reads O 405 G HCE Of these 54 from the beginning of time ( model years 1995 and 1996), while the remaining 59 were nachbeschafft as part of the expansion of the system in 1999 and 2000. The latter differ in technical details of the erstgelieferten car.
All of the cars were produced ( electrical equipment) as a joint venture of Daimler -Benz (chassis ), Hispano Carrocera ( body) and Kiepe / Adtranz. Each vehicle offers 43 seats and 138 standing room, the maximum speed is 60 km / h, and the voltage 750 volts DC. The cars are specially adapted to the high-level platforms and have no steps. Only at the forefront of the three doors is a fire escape available about them, passengers can leave the vehicles outside the stations.
Due to the location and event independent of the high-level platforms, the trolleybus system in Quito was in his opening unique in the world and caused a sensation. More cities in South America added after the success in Quito this passenger transportation concept in their planning. The same type trolleybus Mérida in Venezuela went into operation in 2006, in Barquisimeto ( Venezuela also ) is since 2005 a further system of this type built.