Truckee River east of Truckee, California in Winter
The Truckee River [ trʌki ɹɪvɚ ː ] is situated in the westernmost part of the Great Basin 225 km long river in northern California and Nevada. It drains part of the high Sierra Nevada. The pretty water-rich river rises south of Lake Tahoe and drains into the endorheic Pyramid Lake. The water of the river is at the headwaters clear, but is muddy as soon as it flows past Reno.
The river rises as Upper Truckee River in the mountains south of Lake Tahoe on the border of the U.S. states of California and Nevada, in which he opens at its southern end. He leaves the lake in the north- west at Tahoe City and Truckee follows up a northwest direction before he bends sharply to the east and flows into Nevada. He happened Reno and Sparks and the northern end of the Carson Range. In Fernley itself changes its direction to the north and flows on the eastern edge of the Pah Rah Range along before it opens at its southern end in the Pyramid Lake in Washoe County.
Importance for the colonization of the West
Following in the footsteps of the California Gold Rush, several variants of the settlers - California Trail route ran partly along the river and up into the Sierra Nevada. Of significance is the Beckwourth Trail, which on the Interstate Highway I-80 runs at today's Reno, Nevada branched off to the northwest from the river, and the route over the Donner Pass, today.