The Tutsi are one living in the East African countries of Rwanda and Burundi, as well as in the eastern border region of the Democratic Republic of Congo social group ( caste), which is misunderstood as a result of colonial power politics as an ethnic group or tribe.

In pre-colonial times there was in Rwanda and Burundi, the juxtaposition of the social groups of Tutsi, Hutu and Twa. ( To what extent it is ethnic Twa in the latter, is still controversial. ) The distinction between Hutu and Tutsi was solidified by the colonial powers Germany and after 1918 Great Britain and Belgium. Criterion for the allocation of Rwandans for example, was the extent of cattle ownership in the census 1934/35 made. This was Tutsi, who owned more than ten cattle, and Hutu, who called his own cattle less. This measure enabled the colonial powers to form an indigenous elite who could rule the remaining population (in the sense of the colonial masters ). This ethnological questionable division of the population led to strong conflicts between the minority Tutsi and the Hutu numerically superior that eventually erupted after deduction of the colonial powers in long -lasting violent clashes and several mass killings of the other group. The internationally famous case represents the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 dar.

The Tutsi played the dominant role in the recovery from genocide in the existing until 2012 known as gacaca courts.