VVV (magazine)

VVV was a surrealist magazine, which was published in New York in the years 1942 to 1944. The subtitle to VVV was Poetry, Plastic Arts, Anthropology, Sociology, Psychology. There were a total of only four issues, the second and third appeared together in one edition.


The magazine made ​​for the European Surrealist artists who had to leave their native lands because of World War II, a way to communicate with American artists. Since 1940, there have been the magazine View, edited by Charles Henri Ford, which until 1947 had on hand, but surrealistic themes were only part of the published articles.

Published by VVV was David Hare in collaboration with Marcel Duchamp, André Breton and Max Ernst. The model was Minotaur, one of Albert Skira and Tériade published in Paris surrealist publication, which was founded in 1939, with the outbreak of war set. VVV was the abbreviation of "Victory", "View" and " Veil" after a text Breton, which read: "Victory over the forces of regression, " View around us " and" View inside us " and" the myth in process of formation beneath the veil of happenings. " The magazine offered the themes literature, sculpture, anthropology, sociology and psychology, as announced in the subtitle. Illustrations were among other things included by Giorgio de Chirico, Claude Lévi- Strauss, Roberto Matta, and Yves Tanguy. The first issue of October 1942, a cover design by Max Ernst and contained texts by Breton, as well as contributions by the American artist Robert Motherwell and the art critic Harold Rosenberg. The cover of the next issue, a double issue dated March 1943, designed by Marcel Duchamp. The fourth and final issue in February 1944, an envelope from Roberto Matta.