Waste paper

Recycled paper is paper waste that is collected in households or businesses. It is used for the production of recycled paper and other paper products such as cardboard.


Waste paper is collected in waste paper collection containers or in paper tons collected by the municipality or by an approved by the community organization, or by private waste paper disposal company for private households or commercial establishments (known as private or commercial collection points ) and supplied to further processing companies. It should be as free of spitting materials. In some communities, the waste paper is collected by clubs, schools or churches and then sold to recycling companies.

The following collection systems have been proven:

  • In the commercial sector: baler, depot containers, press containers, Dischargeable, grid boxes.
  • ( A distinction is made according to collection and delivery systems ) in the household sector: depot container, bundle collection, Pressmüllwagen, bag system, mono ton, recycling yards.

Many paper mills have their production so changed in recent years that they do not need to use more wood fiber for the production of new paper, but can use recycled paper.

Due to the high demand for waste paper ( a ton of mass variety " Mixed paper " is worth about 55 euros ) pushed by mid-2008, more and more private waste companies on the paper market and offered households free "Blue tonnes ", because this could, according to the Federal Association Secondary Raw Materials and waste Disposal ( bvse ) 20 to 30 percent more waste paper is collected as the bundle or container collection.

From the local side has been widely doubted that the establishment of the barrel is permitted by law. Therefore, a large number of municipalities and counties had enacted prohibition orders, but they were often rejected by the relevant courts to be illegal, so that could be assumed that the waste paper collection of industrial enterprises was legally permitted in private households. In June 2009, the Federal Administrative Court, however, ruled that a " fundamental responsibility of public waste carrier " is for paper and that citizens are not likely to hire private competitors with the collection of their waste paper. After the Federal Administrative Court had decided, the Administrative Court of Hannover confirmed in January 2010 that municipalities the collection ( for example, private paper collections ) may prohibit.

In the wake of increased outbreak of the financial crisis in the fall of 2008, the situation changed abruptly. The average price for so-called mixed bales fell, according to industry publication Euwid of once around 100 euros to only 5 to 15 euros per tonne. Some dealers put the selling price even to zero.

As a result of increasing demand on the one hand and abandonment of capacity on the other hand, the price of a tonne of mixed waste paper in March 2010 finally back sharply to 85 euros, accompanied by noticeably increased delivery times for cartonboard.

With a recycling rate of 72 % was so much waste paper collected separately in 2012 in Europe and asked for paper production available anywhere else in the world.


The sorting of waste paper is an important prerequisite to provide the paper industry waste paper qualities are available, which are needed. This involves a hand, to remove the non-paper materials from the groupage, and on the other hand need to prepare defined waste paper grades that are in demand by the paper industry. The sorting is done manually or semi-automatically, and ultimately, the quality assurance before delivery of the used paper dar. to the paper mill

The production of various grades of paper depends on the created by the paper industry and the suppliers of waste paper "List of European standard varieties and their qualities ." This list currently describes 67 types of waste paper in their composition and quality. It bears the designation EN 643 and has the status of a European Standard.


The first method for the recycling of waste paper in 1774 from the University of Gottingen Professor Justus Claproth invented, was prepared at the from the printed paper, the ink completely washed out and from this new paper. This method was then applied for the first time by the paper Müller Schmidt in small Lengden. The so-called de-inking process based on the principle of flotation is today the standard process in the recycling of printed products.