A chandelier is an illumination member, a hanging from the ceiling chandelier in the form of a spoked wheel. The oldest and most important examples come from the Romanesque period.
Chandelier were made for lighting large churches. In addition, however they also had symbolic value. Chandelier make the paradise or the kingdom of God dar. The wreath and the gates and towers, which are usually occupied by prophets and apostles or labeled with their name, form from the ramparts of the heavenly Jerusalem. The number of the supporting struts of the towers and the candles corresponds with the number twelve and its multiples of the number symbolism of the Book of Revelation. For the first time we find this symbolism on the two Radleuchtern, the Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim Cathedral and the church of his monastery of St. Michael Foundation could make. Model was the great chandelier above the Calvary Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
In Germany, there are still four large Roman chandelier. The fact that they are made of fire-gilded copper and not made of pure gold, it has preserved before melting. The existing silver prophets and angels, as well as the often rich Gemstone went but lost for the most part.
- The Barbarossa chandelier in the Aachen Cathedral is attributed to Frederick I ( Barbarossa ).
- The Hartwigleuchter on the Comburg in Schwäbisch Hall with 5 meters in diameter from the 12th century (also known as The Heavenly Jerusalem, with saints and soldiers in the towers ).
- The Heziloleuchter in the Hildesheim cathedral with 6 meters in diameter is attributed to the Bishop Hezilo ( 1054-1079 ).
- The Thietmarleuchter the Hildesheim cathedral with donor's inscription of Bishop Thietmar ( 1038-1044 ).
In the cathedral church of St. Alexandri in Einbeck, a late Gothic chandelier is with a diameter of about 3.50 m of painted brass. The inscription on the crown holder is the year 1420. It was probably donated by a canon of Kollegiatstiftskirche, Degenhard Ree. The composition is to go back to a non -preserved example in Pöhlde monastery. In the cathedral of St. Stephen and St. Sixtus Halberstadt there is another [ late ] gothic, bronze chandelier from the year 1516.
In some neo-Romanesque churches, there are also large chandelier, which were already partially electrified during installation, for example:
- St. Godehard Basilica in Hildesheim, founded in 1864 by Queen Marie of Hanover
- St. Cecilia in Harsum ( 1886 )
- Saint -Pierre- le -Jeune catholique in Strasbourg ( 1890 )
- Bethlehem Church in Hannover -Linden -Nord ( 1904 )
- St. Elizabeth in Bonn under acc dome painting ( 1910) ( from the beginning electrified )
There are also contemporary chandelier that follow this tradition, such as:
- Mansions Church in Hanover ( ca.1990 )
- Great St. Martin in Cologne ( 1993 )
- Church in the mountain monastery Lippold (1999)