Xu Dishan

Xu Dishan (许 地 山, * 1893 in Nantai, † 1941 in Hong Kong ) was a Chinese writer, scholar and religious scholars.

Xu was born in Taiwan, the son of one of Jieyang (Guangdong ) originating, patriotic family. Just two years after his birth, Taiwan was occupied by Japanese troops and the family had to move to the mainland, they settled in Longxi (Fujian). Although Xu's parents were Buddhists, Xu Dishan converted to Christianity.

Although his family's financial resources were scarce, Xu Dishan made ​​it in 1917, to be included in the Yanjing University ( Beijing). There he took an active part in the movement of the May Fourth part and started for the magazine New Society (新 社会) to write. In 1920 he completed his studies in literature and got a research position; In 1922 he completed his studies of religious studies. From this phase dates back to a high number of early essays, one of which is the most famous Peanut (落花生). These essays press in liquid and terse style of his philosophy of life, his rich imagination and strong feelings.

From 1923 to 1926 abroad led him first to the United States at Columbia University and later to Great Britain at the Oxford University, where he conducted research in the history of religion, philosophy, and folklore. On the way back from England to China, he interrupted his journey to India, where he studied Sanskrit and Buddhist.

In 1927 Xu Dishan worked as a professor at Yenching University, but also taught at Peking University and Tsinghua University. In 1935 he left Beijing to Hong Kong, after he had, at odds with the Rector of Yenching University, John Leighton Stuart.

In Hong Kong, he was active in addition to his professorship at the Hong Kong University in the resistance against Japanese aggression against China. He was also the Chairman of the Hong Kong Association of Writers and Artists. In this role, he made especially rogations in diverse donors to finance the resistance activities can. In 1941, Xu Dishan died of an illness that was triggered by overwork.

In addition to numerous short stories, essays, and some novels Xu left a number of writings on the Chinese religions, which was widely credited with other Chinese scholars, although Xu himself was a Christian.

  • Author
  • Literature ( 20th century)
  • Modern Chinese Literature
  • Short story
  • Novel, epic
  • Religious scholars ( 20th century)
  • Chinese
  • Born in 1893
  • Died in 1941
  • Man
  • University teachers ( University of Hong Kong )
  • University teachers ( Peking University )
  • University teachers ( Beijing)