Yvon Delbos

Yvon Delbos ( born May 7, 1885 in Thonac, Dordogne, † November 15, 1956 in Paris) was a French politician of the Third and Fourth Republic.

Delbos graduated in 1907 with a Agrégation the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, but turned to journalism in 1911. In this year he began to work as editor of the newspaper Le Radical, whose editor in chief, he was in 1914. After the First World War, where he was wounded twice, he founded in 1919 the Radical Socialist newspaper Ère nouvelle, which was published until June 1940. He joined the Parti radical, and was its vice- president. In 1919 he competed unsuccessfully for election to the National Assembly, he won a seat in Parliament in 1924 for the department of Dordogne, he paused to 1940.

He received his first government post in April 1925 as Under Secretary in the government of Paul Painlevé, from October 11 to November 28 of the same year, he held for a short time the office of the Minister of Education. For eleven years he refused to accept further offices in the government and undertook numerous trips abroad, including in the Soviet Union, about which he wrote a series of articles that was published in 1933 under the name L' Expérience rouge.

In January 1936 Delbos took over the leadership of the Ministry of Justice under Albert Sarraut again a government posts. After Léon Blum was appointed in June 1936 as Prime Minister, Delbos took over the Foreign Ministry, which he headed until March 1938. Until the installation of the Vichy regime, he was twice Minister of Education ( September 1939 to March 1940, June 1940 ). He opposed the armistice, was on 18 June 1940 after North Africa and did not participate in the meeting of the French National Assembly on 10 July 1940 in Vichy, which gave Philippe Pétain almost unlimited powers. A few weeks later, he returned to France. He was captured by the Germans in April 1943 and interned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

After his liberation he returned on 7 May 1945 in poor health returned to France and was only for the Radical Socialists, then for the Left Republicans, in the two constituent assemblies elected 1945/46, as in the first National Assembly of the Fourth Republic. From 1947 on, he was again in several governments as a Minister of State from February to November 1947, Minister of Education from July 26 to September 5, 1948 and September 11, 1948 to July 1950 involved. Delbos candidate in the French presidential elections in 1953, but moved to the third round where he could unite 225 of 931 votes, withdrew his candidacy. In the elections to the French Senate in June 1953 Delbos was able to win, took the seat on there and thus left the National Assembly. He remained senator until his death 17 months later.


  • Jean Jolly (ed.): Dictionary of Parliament Aires Français, Notices sur les biographiques Ministres, Sénateurs et depues Français de 1889 à 1940, Paris 1960..
  • Benoit Cazenave, Yvon Delbos, in here the whole Europe, Brandenburg Memorial Foundation was, Metropol Verlag, Berlin, 2004.
  • Minister of Education (France)
  • Minister of Justice (France)
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs (France)
  • Senator (France)
  • Journalist (France)
  • Frenchman
  • Born 1885
  • Died in 1956
  • Man