Zeebrugge is a village located in the district Lisswegge the city of Bruges on the North Sea, Belgium, West Flanders province. Zeebrugge counts 3865 inhabitants (2008 ).
Zeebrugge evolved from a fishing village on the North Sea. 1134 crack a storm surge a fairway in the bay Zwin, so the city about 15 kilometers located in the hinterland Bruges then had direct access to the North Sea. However, the Zwin access silted from the 15th century rapidly and could not be restored even with hydraulic engineering measures.
Around 1870 Bruges was again entirely surrounded by land masses. The heat generated in the city of industry, however, increasingly demanded a restoration of previously existing North Sea direct access to particular conduct trade with Britain effectively. From 1892 onwards, therefore, the development of the new international port of Zeebrugge began. The first port complex was inaugurated in 1907 by the Belgian King Leopold II.
During the First World War Zeebrugge was occupied by the German government and used as a U -boat and seaplane. That's why the British planned in 1917 during the Third Battle of Ypres a push towards Zeebrugge, but this failed. On 23 April 1918 the Royal Navy undertook the raid against Zeebrugge and Ostend an unsuccessful attack on the naval base, on the contrary, it brought heavy losses. The British celebrated the action nonetheless a success, because their sunken landing craft temporarily blocked the harbor entrance. In October 1918, Zeebrugge was fought over again violently.
Public attention became Zeebrugge by the capsizing of the ro-ro ferry Herald of Free Enterprise on 6 March 1987, in which 193 people died.
Zeebrugge itself is divided into three quarters: the center, the railway station district and the beach area. In the center is a large marina. The beach district is also called Bad Zeebrugge.
In Zeebrugge, the port of Bruges - Zeebrugge, the most modern and second biggest port in Belgium is located ( behind Antwerp). The port is also considered one of the most modern in Europe.
Zeebrugge is a major transport hub for traffic of all kinds and from all directions due to its geographical location. It is 31 via Bruges with the E 40 and E 403 motorways via the expressway ( expressway ) N, and the N 34 with the E 34 motorway The Kusttram forms the railway connection and ensures the connection with all the Belgian coastal towns.
From the port P & O Ferries offers daily ferry to Hull at ( evening from the morning there).
Buildings and monuments
- Boudewijnkanal, a twelve- kilometer long, navigable for seagoing vessels canal between Bruges and Zeebrugge
- A Neighbourhood House
- Seafront, a maritime theme park