Adolf Pinner

Adolf Pinner ( born August 31, 1842 in Wronke, Posen Province, † May 21, 1909 in Berlin) was a German chemist and professor of chemistry at the University of Berlin.

He found together with Richard Wolffenstein the structural formula of nicotine. Named after him is the Pinner reaction, a name reaction in organic chemistry.


Adolf Pinner, son of Rabbi Aron Lewin Pinner, was a German chemist. He attended the Jewish Theological Seminary in Breslau and then the University of Berlin, where he received his doctorate in 1867. He then worked as a private assistant including August Wilhelm von Hofmann. In 1870, he was employed at such short notice Fabriques des Produits Chimiques in Dieuze. Subsequently, he was a lecturer in Berlin in 1871 and 1873 a research assistant. In 1878 he became professor of chemistry at the University of Berlin. In the same year he worked as a professor at the veterinary school in Berlin. 1885 - 1906 he was a member of the Patent Office and the following year the Prussian Chamber of Commerce. He received the title of secret Government. In the years 1904 and 1905 he was Vice President of the German Chemical Society in Berlin. He dealt mainly with organic compounds of low carbon number. Extensively he dealt with the preparation of imido esters. In the last part of his life he was mainly involved in the chemistry of alkaloids. In addition, he managed to determine the structural formula of nicotine in cooperation with Wolffenstein. Further developed by Pinner Pinner syntheses are the triazine synthesis and Pinner amidine synthesis.


  • Presentation and examination of Butylchlorals, in Annalen der Chemie, clxxix, and in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1870-77. ;
  • About Imidoäther in Annals ccxcvii. and ccxcviii. , in reports, 1877-97 ( he combined both articles in a book under the title About Imidoäther and Its Derivatives );
  • Revision course in organic chemistry: with special reference to d Studi leaders d medicine and Pharmacie; with 11 wood engravings. 4th edition - Berlin: Oppenheim, 1884 Digitized edition.
  • 6th edition - Berlin: Oppenheim, 1884 Digitized edition.
  • 11th Edition - Hanover. Jänecke, 1901 Digitized edition of the University and State Library Dusseldorf

He is also the author of the laws of natural phenomena and the revision course in chemistry, in 2 volumes, each of inorganic and organic chemistry (11th edition, Berlin, 1902).