Aeonium canariense

Aeonium canariense

Aeonium canariense is a species of the genus Aeonium in the family Crassulaceae ( Crassulaceae ).

  • 3.1 Literature
  • 3.2 Notes and references


Vegetative characteristics

Aeonium canariense grows as a perennial, growing singly or in groups forming rosette plant. Their becherigen rosettes reach a diameter of 10 to 60 centimeters. Inner leaves are more or less upright. The obovate to lanceolate wrong, green, sometimes reddish or yellowish leaves are 6 to 35 inches long, 3 to 12 inches wide and 0.3 to 1 cm thick. Towards the peak, they are rounded and carry a mounted Spitzchen. The base is wedge-shaped. The leaf surface is velvety with glandular 0.7 to 1 mm (rarely up to 1.4 mm) long hair. Are 5 to 15 hairs present per square millimeter. The leaf margin is sometimes wavy.

Generative features

The inflorescence has a length of 30 to 45 centimeters and a width of 20 to 30 centimeters. The leafy inflorescence stalk is 12 to 30 inches long. The eight - to zehnzähligen flowers are at a 0.5 to 5 millimeters long, fluff hairy flower stalk. Their sepals are glandular - pubescent. The whitish green, narrowly elliptic petals are 7-9 mm long and 1.5 to 2 millimeters wide. The stamens are bald.

Systematics and distribution

Aeonium canariense is common in the Canary Islands.

The first description as Sempervivum canariense by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum was published in 1753. Philip Barker Webb and Sabin Berthelot set the style in 1841 in the genus Aeonium.

We distinguish the following varieties:

  • Aeonium canariense var canariense
  • Aeonium canariense var palmense ( Webb ex Christ) HYLiu
  • Aeonium canariense var subplanum ( Praeger ) HYLiu
  • Aeonium canariense var virgineum ( Webb ex Christ) HYLiu