Akhmim (Arabic أخميم Akhmim, DMG Aḫmīm (also Akhmim, Echmim; Coptic Chemin; ancient Egyptian Ipu or Chenmet -Min; Greek Chemmis ) ) is a city in Upper Egypt on the east bank (bridge to Sohag, 200 km north of Luxor, about 190 km above Siut and 114 km north- west of Keneb ) on a mound of rubble in the ruins of the ancient city.
Akhmim today has approximately 84,800 inhabitants and was once a center of textile production ( as in Strabo, 17, 813) with extensive necropolis. Panopolis was the capital of Mingau ( canton of the good soul), with the local / Gaugott minutes This ancient Egyptian deity was particularly in Akhmim ( as lord of Ipu, the strong Horus ) and worshiped in Koptos.
26.56666666666731.75Koordinaten: 26 ° 34 'N, 31 ° 45 ' E
The temple at Akhmim were among the largest in the Greco-Roman Egypt, its ruins were still in the Middle Ages among the Arab writers as a world wonder. Today, they are almost completely gone. From Akhmim, among other things comes a priest statue of Nepherites I. and a granite block with dedicatory inscription of Psammuthis, an Upper Egyptian ruler of the 29th Dynasty. He was anti-king of Hakor ( Achoris ). His reign is given as 393-92 BC. Psammuthis is the Greek transliteration of the proper name Pascherienmut ( " child of the goddess Mut ").
Known are numerous papyri ( certificates) from Panopolis, acquired by travelers of Egyptian fellahin and thus preserved as a result of the Napoleonic Egypt Expedition of 1798 and related resurgent Bereisung Egypt by Europeans. Then you get into numerous European museums.
Panopolis was the center of Byzantine capital of the province of Thebaid of the Diocese of Egypt. In Akhmim, there are numerous Coptic monasteries.
From the burial ground of Panopolis come numerous late antique and early Islamic textile fragments of the Swiss archaeologist, collector and art dealer Robert Forrer (1866-1947) excavated in 1891 and sold to many European museums (including the Moritzburg Foundation in Halle an der Saale). In addition, from the imperial necropolis come various mummy portraits.
In the middle of the fifth century, the city suffered from attacks of Blemmyes.
- The priestess Henti, which bore the title of the head of the cult musicians of Iunmutef, priestess of Hathor and guardian of the Min, was buried in the necropolis of El - Diabat at Akhmim.
- Juja ( Priest of Min and head of the horse ) and Tuya, parents of Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep III the main.
- Tiye, the Great Royal Wife of Amenhotep III. and mother of Akhenaten, came as her parents, Yuya and Tuya also from Akhmim. This fact has led to a new theory, the evidence is controversial: Ay is believed to be the brother of Tiye and father of Nefertiti. Since his wife was only nurse of the future queen, one suspects an earlier deceased wife, which is not yet proven. Although Anen Eje On tujas coffin ( 2 Priest of Amun ) called the son, even not.
- The Pharaoh Ay came from Akhmim, and his wife Tij was nurse of Nefertiti. In the four years of his reign, he led the move away from the Aton cult consistently continued, built at Abydos, Karnak and Luxor and built a rock chapel in Akhmim for Min.
- The ancient Greek alchemist Zosimus of Panopolis ( about 250 to about 310 AD). He has authored 28 books of alchemy ( " Chemeutika " ), of which only 24 band as well as some quotes are preserved. Zosimus improved the distillation and worked on metallurgical problems and led the designation chemistry.
- From Panopolis who also wrote the ancient Greek epic poet Nonnus of Panopolis (5th century), who wrote the epic Dionysiaca in Alexandria in 48 songs with 21 382 verses.
- Nestorius, the Patriarch of Constantinople Opel died in Panopolis in exile.