District is the name of an administrative district in Prussia from 1874 to 1945 and to 2009 in the canton of Bern in Switzerland (see: Districts of Switzerland ). Other historical states use the term for their administrative units.
Office districts after the Prussian eastern district regulations
The Prussian administrative districts preconceived several rural communities and estate districts for joint management together ( see also Office ( Prussia) ).
With the introduction of the " district regulations for the six eastern Prussian provinces " from December 13, 1872 January 1, 1874, the landlord's police force has been eliminated. However, it was not transferred to the municipalities or on the circle, but entrusted to the new office chiefs.
These were chosen from the official district council for their district and later appointed by the king, from the top presidents and last President of the Government.
The municipality included several rural communities or estate districts, while the municipalities were outside the range of an office district. Larger rural communities or estate districts could also be alone for a District form ( Eigenamt district).
The head office was the local police authority.
He was elected and appointed for a period of six years. In the absence of suitable candidates also a Chief Administrator was appointed as acting in the field of one or more neighboring municipalities of.
In a self- administrative district of the municipality or Gutsvorsteher took the duties of the office superintendent. A specific official seat did not exist. The transactions were conducted by the resident of the district superintendent on a voluntary basis so that this seat could also switch locally in the naming of a new office superintendent. So should a rigorous management to be ensured and the weak financial strength of the eastern districts of Prussia are not overwhelmed by a full-time management. After the revolution were 1919/1920 circular as closed elected every Chief Administrator without regard to the respective term of office in all Prussia. The duration of the election period was open, they should be legally redefined. There is, however, not come until 1945. Thereafter, the Chief Administrator was appointed for an indefinite period from 1919 until the new election or appointment of an official headman.
Free City of Danzig
The former Prussian regulations were made after 1920, only the term of office of the Chief Administrator was reduced to four years.
The former Prussian regulations were made after 1920, only the term of office of the Chief Administrator was reduced to three years.
Magisterial districts in non- Prussian countries
The counties of the country Anhalt were similar to the Prussian pattern divided into administrative districts.
Magisterial districts in the " Annexed Eastern Territories "
After the invasion of Poland and the subsequent annexation of the Warta country and Danzig-West Prussia by the German Reich 26 Oktober/20. November 1939 - so-called " divided into eastern territories " - the management of the local communities was adapted to the imperial law. While the city circles from 1 January 1940 and the most important cities were subordinated by and according to the current in the Reich Germans Municipal Code of 30 January 1935 which provided for the enforcement of the leader principle at community level, Article III 1 of the Regulation on the introduction of the German Municipal Code in the incorporated eastern territories from December 21, 1939 with effect from April 1, 1940 provides that the " other " communities were grouped provisionally in office districts and were managed by Office Commissioners. This magisterial districts have been adjusted, but were based largely on the wards of the previous large Polish communities ( gmina ), which in turn included several village communities. The former Poznań police districts were not restored.
The Amtskomissar was an official of the county, the total administered the individual communities within the jurisdiction. In particular, budgetary terms, the entire District was considered as a unit. Retrieved from " municipal legal independence " could therefore also in the National Socialist sense no question.
In a single case has yet been converted to the individual communities under award of the German church order of January 30, 1935 to end of war such office district. This happened with effect from 1 April 1944 the municipalities of the " Koshnavia " in the district Konitz, Danzig- West Prussia for the District Osterwick, Kr Konitz.
This then included the managed by the German Municipal Code municipalities:
- Görsdorf, Kr Konitz
- Harmsdorf, Kr Konitz
- Heath Neuhof
- Osterwick, Kr Konitz