Andreas Osiander

Andreas Osiander, ( born December 19, 1498 Gunzenhausen, Principality of Ansbach; † October 17, 1552 in Königsberg, Prussia Duchy ) was a theologian and German reformer.

The common perception of the name Osiander was a " humanist Name " and make a Gräzisierung of " pants man " is, is erroneous.

Life and work

After studying in Ingolstadt Osiander initially worked from 1522 as a parish priest in Nuremberg at St. Lawrence. Convinced of the theology of Martin Luther, he sat together with his companions, the painter Albrecht Dürer, the humanist Willibald Pirckheimer and councilors, as well as the scribe Lazarus Spengler and the Meistersinger Hans Sachs, the Reformation in Nuremberg by. This Osiander was the principal author of the important and influential far beyond Nuremberg Church Order of 1533, which was introduced simultaneously in Nuremberg and in the neighboring Margraviate of Brandenburg -Ansbach.

Also in the Upper Palatinate came Osiander in church renewal a crucial role to play as he provided the template for the edict of the sovereign Otto Heinrich and drew up a new church order. Osiander was also behind the dismissal of the Evangelical -minded rector of Sebaldusschule Hans Denck, which later became the Reformation Anabaptists joined.

Osiander was appointed in 1549 by Duke Albrecht of Brandenburg -Ansbach as professor of theology at the still young, founded in 1544 Royal Albertus University of Königsberg. There he got into heated argument with the followers of Philipp Melanchthon, the close associate of Luther. In the dispute concerned the doctrine of justification, a key message of Reformation theology. For Melanchthon remained a sinner even after justification before Christ deeply a sinner, Osiander was against it - similar to the position of the Eastern Churches - believes that the righteousness of Christ implanted in man by faith and thus an essential part of the believer is.

This so-called Osiandrische dispute aroused Protestantism over many years and estranged him. In the end went Osiander and his supporters in this important for the Reformation theological question her life their own way.

Osiander was a connoisseur of the Hebrew language and Jewish mysticism. He looked different from Luther a genuine dialogue with the Jews, sat down vigorously for their rights and refused any form of anti-Judaism from.

Preface to Copernicus

Osiander made ​​sure that Nicolaus Copernicus ' De revolutionibus orbium Coelestium work against the strong opposition of Luther and Melanchthon in 1543 could appear in Nuremberg. However, he took part in the work of some changes that were not authorized by Copernicus. He underlined important passages, made their own additions and added a preface, in which he portrayed Copernicus ' theory as a mere computational model without the right to correspondence with reality. Presumably he wanted to defuse the foreseeable conflict with the Catholic and Protestant church authorities.


Andreas Osiander was married three times.

Of his children are known:

  • From his first marriage Lucas Osiander,
  • Osiander Agnes (* 1530 in Nuremberg), married to Andreas Aurifaber, second marriage 1560 in Königsberg with Johann Funck ( 1518-1566 )
  • Veronika Osiander (* 1533 in Nuremberg), married to John Joy Hammer ( 1527-1572 )
  • Catherine Osiander (* 1526 in Nuremberg), married to Jerome Besold († October 16, 1562 )
  • Clara (* 1537 in Nuremberg)
  • Susanne (* in Nuremberg)
  • Catherine ( * in Nuremberg)
  • Another daughter (* 1545 in Nuremberg)
  • Ursula (* in Nuremberg)
  • Elisabeth ( * in Königsberg )

Other significant family members see: Osiander.

Complete Edition

  • Gerhard Müller, Gottfried sea bass (ed.): Andreas Osiander the Elder. Total output. Gütersloher Publishing House, 1975-1997 (online) Volume 1:. Writings and letters 1522 to March 1525 1st Edition, 1975, ISBN 978-3-579-04266-4.
  • Volume 2: Papers and Letters April 1525 until the end of 1527, 1st edition 1977, ISBN 978-3-579-04267-1. .
  • Volume 3: . Writings and letters 1528 to April 1530 1st edition 1979, ISBN 978-3-579-04268-8.
  • Volume 4: Papers and Letters in May 1530 until the end of 1532, 1st edition 1980, ISBN 978-3-579-04269-5. .
  • Volume 5:. Writings and letters from 1533 to 1534 first edition 1983, ISBN 978-3-579-04270-1.
  • Volume 6: Papers and Letters from 1535 to 1538 1st Edition, 1985, ISBN 978-3-579-00130-2. .
  • Volume 7: . Writings and letters 1539 to March 1543 1st Edition, 1988, ISBN 978-3-579-00131-9.
  • Volume 8: writings and letters of April 1543 until the end of 1548, 1st edition, 1990, ISBN 978-3-579-00132-6. .
  • Volume 9: . Writings and letters 1549 to August 1551 1st edition 1994, ISBN 978-3-579-00133-3.
  • Volume 10: Papers and Letters from September 1551 to October 1552 and Posthumes and supplements. 1st edition 1997, ISBN 978-3-579-00134-0.

Pictures of Andreas Osiander