The scientific- technical complex for Aviation OK Antonov (Ukrainian Авіаційний науково - технічний комплекс імені Антонова short АНТК ім. О. К. Антонова, English ANTONOV Aeronautical Scientific / Technical Complex) is a Ukrainian, formerly Soviet, producer of airplanes and buses from Kiev, Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov named after. Antonov developed since 1946 aircraft of various types, the company is integrated into the Ukrainian KSAMC ( Kharkov State Aircraft Manufacturing Company).
Particularly well known are the 1947 to 1960 (until 1992 under license) built biplane An-2 as well as the largest transport aircraft in the world, the An-124 and An- 225th
On 31 May 1946, the design bureau No. 153 was established at the aircraft factory Novosibirsk by a decree of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union and Antonov appointed director. In the same decree, the office was tasked with developing an aircraft for agriculture, the later Antonov An -2. At the same time the gliders A-9 and A-10 were developed and produced in small numbers.
In the summer of 1952 the design office moved to Kiev. End of 1953, the office was awarded the contract to develop a military transport plane with two turboprop engines and build. At this time, a lack of specialists was to fulfill this task, the beginning of 1954 many graduates of the Institute for Aviation and specialists from Kharkov Kiev, Leningrad and Moscow were made. Thus, the mission was accomplished, and the Antonov An -8 made its maiden flight on 11 February 1956.
Over the next 30 years, civil and military aircraft were developed; including types for use under extreme conditions such as the Antonov An-74 for use in the Far North and the Antonov An-32 for use on high altitude airfields. Here, a complex of factories were built, which may be called the Western aviation industry as an equal.
On April 4, 1984 Antonov died. To him, the construction office was named after him in honor. On 15 May the same year Pyotr Vasilyevich Balabujew was appointed chief designer. He managed the company until his death in 2007.
With the development of multi-purpose transport aircraft for very heavy and bulky loads up to 250 tons, the An-225 " Mrija ", the largest now in use aircraft in the world was born. Based on the An-124, this aircraft was designed and built so that in December 1988, the maiden flight was carried out in the relatively short time of three years. In May 1989, a piggyback flight of the space shuttle Buran was carried out in Baikonur; in June 1989 the performance of the machine at the Paris Air Show in Le Bourget. The machine is part of the Transport Division of the company, the Antonov Airlines. This company was founded in 1989, after it had received permission from the government to carry out international transport orders. Currently, it transmits the status of the National Aviation Transport of Ukraine.
For several years, only aircraft were not designed and built, but also land vehicles such as low-floor trams, trolley buses and racing bikes.
In December 2009, the Kiev Aviation Plant Aviant was in accordance with a decree of the Ukrainian Council of Ministers has become a subsidiary of the Antonov Company. It has since been trading as a series factory Antonov. This Antonov was given the opportunity specifically to produce aircraft in series. Previously, like all former Soviet Antonov Design offices a pure developer of aircraft. Series production was ( not in ) instead of the design office affiliated companies.
Airplanes of Antonov
The preparation according to reference numbers is problematic. Until about the type An-10, there are sometimes contradictory and dubious type designations. This is due to the slightly chaotic procedure in the design office. Each project had its type number. Once the project was completed, and especially if it remained in the planning stage and no production or even mass production joined the project ad was shelved and the same type number, where appropriate, used for another project without having to make great thought. To what extent will also find questions of secrecy or concealment against third parties played a role today can be judged any more.
- A-2 glider
- RF-4 Glider
- RF-7 Glider
- A-7/RF-8 gliders
- A-9 glider
- A-11 glider for aerobatics
- A-13 glider for aerobatics
- A-15 Glider
- A-40 equipped with wings T -60 tanks
- An-2: Large multipurpose biplane with over 15,000 units had been built ( largest single-engine biplane in the world)
- At -3: equipped with a turboprop An-2
- At -4: Schwimmerverion the An-2
- On -6: Weather reconnaissance version of the An-2
- An- 8: medium-range turboprop military transport
- An-10 Ukraina: medium-range turboprop airliner
- An-12: medium-range turboprop military transport
- An- 14: short take-off passenger plane
- An-22 Antaeus: Largest Turbopropgetriebenes cargo aircraft in the world.
- An-24: multi-purpose medium-haul aircraft
- An-26: multi-purpose medium-haul aircraft
- An-28: enlarged turboprop development of the An- 14
- An- 30: Variant of the An-24 for aerial photography
- An-32: modernized variant of the An-26 cargo
- An- 38: Enlarged An-28 with modern electric & new engines
- (Never project development ) equipped with four jet engines An-26 An- 50
- An-70: four -engine freighter
- An- 71: reconnaissance variant of the An-72
- An-72: military short takeoff freighter
- An-74: civil version of the An-72
- Never built a project reconnaissance variant of the An-72 An- 88
- An-124 Ruslan: large-capacity transport aircraft
- An-140 short-haul passenger aircraft, intended as An-24 replacement
- An-148 (formerly An- 174 ); an enlarged and modernized An-74 with engines under the wings
- (Never project development ) An- 180 medium-haul passenger aircraft
- (Never project development ) An- 218 wide-body airliner
- An-225 Mrija: Greater transport aircraft (the largest aircraft in the world, so far only one copy was completed )
- An- 325 planned large-capacity transport aircraft, enlarged version of Mrija