Arne Tiselius

Arne Wilhelm Tiselius Kaurin ( born August 10, 1902 in Stockholm, † October 29, 1971 in Uppsala ) was a Swedish chemist and Nobel laureate.


Tiselius went to school in Gothenburg, where he finished high school in 1921 at the grammar school. He then entered the University of Uppsala to study chemistry and was appointed in 1925 to the Research Assistant in the laboratory of Theodor Svedberg. Tiselius was awarded his doctorate in 1930 with the theme " The Moving Boundary Method for Studying the Electrophoresis of Proteins " and the faculty of chemistry ( Assistant Professor ) appointed.

In the years 1931-1935 Tiselius published a series of papers on the diffusion and adsorption in naturally occurring base -exchanging zeolites. These researches he continued also in Princeton, where he was a scholarship from the Rockefeller Foundation for a year at the Laboratory of Hugh Stott Taylor. Through the exchange with U.S. biochemists suggested he published after his return to Uppsala a work on electrophoresis (published in Transactions of the Faraday Society, 33 (1937 ) 524).

1938 a professorship was established specifically for Tiselius, which was made possible by a donation to the university. Tiselius henceforth worked at the Department of Physical Chemistry at Theodor Svedberg. 1946 Biochemistry was established as an independent faculty, which moved into a new building 1950-1952. Under the later line Tiselius ' wore the faculty to the development and improvement of a number of biochemical methods such as electrophoresis ( distribution) chromatography and gel permeation chromatography. 1948 Tiselius was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry " for his research on electrophoresis and adsorption in the analysis, especially for his discoveries concerning the complex nature of blood serum proteins ".


Tiselius took after the Second World War an active part in the reorganization of scientific research in Sweden. He was chairman of the Swedish Research Council (1946-1950) and Chairman of the Research Council of the Swedish Cancer Society ( 1951-1955 ). Also from 1951 to 1955 he was President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and since 1947 Vice- President of the Nobel Foundation, whose president he became in 1960. From 1946 he was a member of the Nobel Committee.