Bruno Wille ( born February 6, 1860 in Magdeburg, † August 31, 1928 at Castle Senftenau in Aeschach in Lindau on Lake Constance ) was a German preacher, journalist and of fiction and popular philosophical writer.
Bruno Wille was the son of a Prussian court officials. The future engineer Max will was his older brother. Until 1872 Will attended high school Convent of Our love women. Later he moved to the high schools in Tübingen and Aachen. As early 1872, the father died, the mother settled in Bonn with his two sons in the summer of the same year.
At Easter in 1881 will began Protestant theology at the University of Bonn to study. But after two semesters he transferred to mathematics, physics and philosophy. In the latter field he became a pupil of Joseph Dietzgen, who could inspire him to Marxism. In the spring of 1883, will settled down with his mother and brother in Berlin and other studies he made there also his military service as a one-year volunteer from. In 1884 he was discharged as a corporal.
He then worked for some time in Berlin as a private tutor. From summer 1884 to autumn 1886 was Will tutor in Bucharest in the house of the writer Mite Kremnitz. By Kremnitz he met Queen Elizabeth of Romania know. At the court in Bucharest will also made the acquaintance of the geographer and cartographer Heinrich Kiepert, who engaged him as a travel companion from autumn 1886 to Constantinople Opel.
End of 1887 returned will go back to Germany and joined the following year his studies with a dissertation on Thomas Hobbes. In the same year Will got a job by Georg Ledebour as a journalist and editor at the newspaper Democratic leaves. In this time, will shut in Berlin at the independent congregation to their speaker and teacher of religion, he was elected in 1889.
1890 married Will in Berlin Auguste Krüger.
As a member of the Berlin Naturaliste Association will soon be joined friendship with Karl Bleibtreu, Wilhelm Bölsche, Henry Hart, Julius Hart, Gerhart Hauptmann and Arno Holz, John Henry Mackay, Johannes Schlaf uv a 1888, will his " Genius Convention ", who used to sit in the restaurant to the cowshed, and regardless of the "Ethical club." In 1890 he settled in the Berlin suburb Friedrich Hagen and was there along with Bölsche the pioneer of Friedrichshagener circle of poets. Among many others are here as members only Otto Erich hard life, August Strindberg and Frank Wedekind mentioned.
1890 founded the will together with Wilhelm Bölsche and Julius Türk Freie Volksbühne to as " the ordinary workers of the people " (quote will) almost bring the theater. The premiere had the Volksbühne with Henrik Ibsen's Pillars of Society on 19 October 1890 for rented Ostend- Theater. Just two years later, will the political concept ( for, inter alia, Franz Mehring responsible recorded ) no longer agree and, therefore, founded the Neue Freie Volksbühne. The artistic, educational and political leadership took over next will Max Dreyer, Ludwig Jacobowski, Gustav Landauer, Emil Lessing and Fritz Mauthner.
Competition arose when Otto Lilienthal be shopped in the summer of 1892 in the Ostend- Theater and also called a folk stage in life. Beginning in 1892 will be convened in the Board of the German Freethinkers Federal and entrusted him with the direction of the Federal Gazette The freethinkers. Will was also editor of the anarchist journal of the Association of Independent The socialist socialists to Gustav Landauer. By 1894 will was mainly working as a preacher of independent congregation in Berlin, but also traveled as a speaker for various workers ' educational associations around the country. Disbarment was adopted by the Prussian Minister of Culture, whereupon Wille was arrested on November 9, 1895. During a lecture tour to the freethinkers congress in Vienna, he was re- arrested on July 2, 1897 for "disseminating disbelief " and interned in Graz.
It was only in February 1898 will could return to Germany. In the following years he turned more and more to religious themes. Since 1899 he has been a board member of the Federal Free Religious communities in Germany ( BFGD ). In honor of Giordano Bruno called his will, founded by Rudolf Steiner in 1900 and Bölsche association Giordano Bruno Union. Opened in 1901, will together with Friedrich Hagen Bölsche in the School in line with the Workers' Education, where he was also a lecturer in theology and philosophy. In 1906 he was co-founder of the German Monist. From 1916 onwards, will the editor of the Freethinker was cultural policy to stop the journal in 1921. After the First World War, founded Wille 1919 people power covenant with the aim of understanding and reconciliation between peoples, religions, classes and parties, whose chairman he was to again become active. The covenant was not long and disappointed will.
After his divorce in 1920 married in the same year will Emmy W. Friedlander, the zoologist Benedict Friedlaender 's widow. After a short time in Stuttgart, will settled at Castle Senftenau in Aeschach in Lindau on Lake Constance. There he died at the age of 68 years on 31 August 1928. Bruno Wille was cremated on September 3, 1928 in St. Gallen and found his final resting place in the park cemetery Lichterfelde, Berlin- Steglitz. His urn was buried on October 10, 1928 there at 35 Heather Lane in a grave of honor (Dept. 19, # 566 ).
As a philosophical writer will represented a "philosophy of liberation", in which he appealed to Friedrich Nietzsche, Max Stirner and Buddhism. In his late work he turned more of a pantheistic nature mysticism with which he leaned to the philosophy of Gustav Theodor Fechner, but they also developed further.
- The phenomenalism of Thomas Hobbes. ( Inaugural Dissertation, 1888)
- Death. Berlin 1889.
- Hermit and contemporary. Social poems together with a prelude. Berlin 1890.
- Life without God. Berlin 1890.
- Philosophy of liberation through the pure medium contributions to the education of the human race. Berlin 1894.
- The free religious community in Berlin. Historical Review. Berlin 1895.
- Siberia in Prussia. A wake-up call from the prison. Stuttgart 1896.
- Einsiedel art from the pine heath. Berlin 1897.
- Matter never without spirit. Berlin 1901.
- Revelations of the juniper tree, a novel Allsehers. Leipzig 1901. ( Vol. 1-2)
- The Christ - myth as a monistic worldview. One word of understanding between religion and science. Berlin 1903.
- Resurrection. Ideas about the meaning of life. Berlin 1904.
- The living space. Idealistic philosophy on scientific basis within the meaning of Fechner. Hamburg 1905.
- The sacred grove. Selected poems. Jena 1908.
- The evening castle. Chronicle of a gold prospector in twelve adventures. Jena 1909.
- The prison for Prussian eagle. A self-experienced Schildbürgerei, Roman. Jena 1914.
- The glass mountain. Novel of a youth who wanted to climb. Berlin 1920.
- From dream and struggle. My sixty -year life. Berlin 1920.
- Hölderlin and his secret maid. Novel. Dresden 1921.
- Legends of the secret maid. Dresden 1922.
- The Maid of Senftenau. A Bodensee novel. Dresden 1922.
- The Bruno Wille- book. Dresden 1923.
- The machine man and his salvation., 1930.
- Emmy Wille ( ed.): The Collected Works. pfullingen 1 The Lord and his masks. In 1929.
- 2 The machine man and his salvation., 1930.
- 3 philosophy of love. , 1930.