Under Epichorie or Epizoochorie means the animals adapted to spread the seeds or fruits of plants on the surface for the propagation, the subsequent propagating plants belong to the group of animal shakers. The Epichorie is a special form of Zoochorie. The seeds and fruits of plants must in this case have corresponding features in structure and function to allow this type of propagation.
- The first method is the attachment of the fruit or fruit stalls on the fur of an animal. The shells are especially adapted morphologically in order to ensure the adhesion. Klebhafter ( Kollepizoochorie ) is called seeds and fruits of plants that secrete sticky secretions in moisture around the bowl and stick to the animals, such as shore - Wolf Trapp, some zucchini.
- The Velcro Misty are special seeds / fruit with the seed capsule is hooked in the fur of animals and distributed so as burdock, cleavers burdock, cloves sausages, datura, henbane.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Epizoochorie
Epizoochorie is an effective way of spreading seeds in the plant as opposed to endozoochory must not offer a "reward " in the form of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, etc., and can therefore spread very " economical ". Another huge advantage of this type of distribution are the comparatively long distances, which can passively put the seeds and the related development of new habitats. An extreme example of this is the Macquarie Island, which is located 950 km south of New Zealand. On this island every 35 occurring species have been introduced by Epizoochorie, probably in the plumage of birds. Another reason for the large distances is the fact that the disseminated through Epizoochorie plants are transported by the large predators among the mammals that roam much larger areas than the herbivores.
Disadvantages are, in some cases, the dependence on weather conditions, namely when the seeds have no explicit detention devices and are dependent on the adhesive forces that bind them on moist soil or mud to the animals. Furthermore, the plants are exclusively dependent on the wandering animals. This can have the consequence that relatively poor candidates for each plant are given, when it is at an unsuitable location, which is rarely frequented by animals.
Zoochorie ( dispersal by animals): Endochorie | Epichorie | | Ornithochorie | Ichthyochorie | Saurochorie | myrmecochory | | Dysochorie Anemochorie ( spread by the wind ): Meteorochorie | Chamaechorie Semachorie: Wind dispersal | Animal scattering | Tierballisten Hydrochorie ( dispersal by water): Nautochorie | Bythisochorie | Ombrochorie Hemerochorie ( spread by humans ): Ethelochorie | Speirochorie | Agochorie Autochorie ( self- propagation ): Ballochorie | Herpochorie | Barochorie | Blastochorie | Achorie Polychorie ( more )
- Plant propagation