Burning bush

The Burning Bush ( הַסְּנֶה בֹּעֵר ha - səneh boʕēr Ex 3.2 EU) appeared after the story in the Tanakh (Ex 2.23 EU to 4.18 EU Ex ) God in Horeb Moses and told him there his name YHWH with.


The name of God, often after ex 3.14 EU ( אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶר אֶהְיֶה ehyeh ASER ehyeh ) translated as " I am who I will be ", according to the Septuagint, "I am the beings " ( ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ὤν ego eimi ho on), was used by the Israelites only with great reverence. Replace the Tetragrammaton ( four- letter word) by expressions such as " name ", " the Eternal " or most of "the Lord". Jesus of Nazareth used the burning bush scene in Sadduzäerfrage as a written proof of the resurrection. Here, God is understood as the "Living " or " as a God of the living ." At a time when Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were, according to the biblical narrative long dead, God speaks to Moses (Ex 3:6) "I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. "

The theologian Erich Zenger differs in self- conception of God in the burning bush scene four aspects:

  • Reliability: "I am so with you there, that you can definitely expect me. If you also walk in the valley of death, you are allowed to build on the fact that I am there. If you running away also become doubtful, screaming or silent from me, you are allowed to know. I am with you there, even if you no longer recognizes me "
  • Unavailability: "I am so with you there, that you have to reckon with me when and how I want - maybe then and as it even bothers you. There may be situations and stations of your life path quite where you do not let you just like to remind you that I want to be with you there, or where her dear would have a different God. "
  • Exclusivity: "I am so with you there, that you alone with me credited as the one who you can be saving close. With me to expect demands of you the clear decision, so serious to make that the only one I am for you, who can give you support and degree. Can only in me, and you are allowed to true love, the true goodness and true-life encounter. "
  • Infinity: "I am so with you there, that my close to each knows no local, institutional and temporal boundaries. when I'm with you there, this does not exclude that I may even be in your enemies there. Yes, my near -be -saving exceeds the earth on which you live, and you so often makes them the center of your life. Even death is not a limit that could put my life force barriers for me. "


An offshoot of the burning bush is now shown in the Monastery of Saint Catherine on Mount Sinai, below the Jebel Musa.


The Burning Bush ( Dictamnus albus) from the family of Rutaceae is called Burning Bush. Some suspect here the origin of the biblical phenomenon. The plant secretes aromatic oils that can ignite on hot days. In the " bush " growing on the grounds of the St. Catherine's monastery, there is a Brombeerart (Rubus sanctus ).

Also spindle bushes ( Euonymus ) are called in the U.S. because of the autumnal color of their leaves "burning bush".

Literature and sources

  • Joseph Ratzinger: Introduction to Christianity. Lectures on the Apostles' Creed. With a new introductory essay. 6th edition of the completely unchanged edition 2000. Kösel, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-466-20455-0, p.132
  • Erich Garhammer, Udo Zelinka (ed.): Burning Bush and Pentecostal tongues of fire. Biblical traces in modern literature. Boniface -Verlag, Paderborn 2003, ISBN 3-89710-227-7, ( Insights 7 ), pp. 161-176.
  • Romano Guardini: Memorial of Pascal. In: Romano Guardini: Christian consciousness. Experiments on Pascal. 2nd edition. Kösel, Munich 1950, 47f.
  • Klaus Kiesow, Thomas Meurer: For the history of the impact Dornbusch scene (Ex 2.23 to 4.18 ). In: Klaus Kiesow, Thomas Meurer ( eds.): " text work". Studies on texts and their reception from the Old Testament and the environment of Israel. Festschrift Peter Weimar for his 60th year with contributions from friends, students and colleagues. Ugarit -Verlag, Münster, 2003, ISBN 3-934628-23-0, ( Ancient Orient and Old Testament, 294 ), pp. 585-610.
  • Oskar Kokoschka: The burning bush. Spectacle. (1911). Murderer Hope of Women. Spectacle. (1907). Wolff, Leipzig 1917 ( Judgement day 41).
  • Henry A. Mertens: Handbook of Bible studies. Literary, historical, archaeological, religious history, cult documentary, geographical aspects of the Old and New Testaments. A workbook for teaching and preaching. 2nd revised edition. Patmos, Dusseldorf 1984, ISBN 3-491-78326-7.
  • Leonhard Ragaz: The Bible. An interpretation. Issued under the auspices of Ernst Ludwig Ehrlich. New edition of the seven-volume original edition ( Zurich 1947-1950 ) in 4 volumes. Edition Exodus, Zurich et al, 1990, ISBN 3-905575-52-3.
  • Arnold Schoenberg: Moses und Aron. (1926 ), ( Various issues).
  • Thomas Staubli: " One day he drove his cattle across the plains beyond ..." The exegetical and homiletic impulse. Bible / Church / World: compression at the burning bush. In: Swiss Kirchenzeitung 166, March 5, 1998 10 online.
  • Herbert Vorgrimler: marginalia to church piety Pascal. In: Jean Daniélou, Herbert Vorgrimler (ed.): Sentire Ecclesiam. The consciousness of the Church as a positive force of piety. ( Hugo Rahner on his 60th birthday ). Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau et al 1961.
  • Erich Zenger: The God of the Bible. A non-fiction book about the beginnings of the Old Testament faith in God. Stuttgart 1979, 3rd edition, 1986 ( Italian translation: 1983 into Portuguese / Brazilian: 1989).