Class consciousness

Class consciousness is the specific notion of a class of their basic interests and their role in society as well as their material conditions of existence. Taking up a formulation of Karl Marx was often distinguished in the review of his work between the " class in itself " and the " class for itself", and this concept associated with Hegel's thought. A " per se " given by their position in the given relations of production class could only be used for politically "for themselves " acting class when they learn together, fight and gain experience. Friedrich Engels defined the term " class-conscious " as a consciousness of the individual from his own class position.

The reception of the concept fell out differentiated. Beginning in the early 20th century between the social democratic revisionism / reformism Bernstein, Lenin's vanguardism, Rosa Luxemburg's theory of spontaneity, as well as Antonio Gramsci and Georg Lukacs ' " philosophy of praxis " controversial, under what conditions it is possible or by class politics class consciousness. collective sense of identity and thus to form class -conscious behavior.

While orthodox Marxist interpretations and receptions often the classes, their political struggles, the consciousness of individuals, etc. are regarded as derived from a purely economic movement, stress Marxists like Gramsci, Althusser, Poulantzas and so the emergence of social classes in economic, political, ideological power relations or practices, resulting in a complex emergence of forms of consciousness of one's own class position in competitive economic, political and ideological relations of domination.