Cleveland [ kli ː vlənd ] is an area in the North East of England and from 1974 to 1996, a county.
The name literally means "cliff - land" and refers to the hilly southern part of Cleveland with elevations of up to 500 m altitude. Cleveland is located south of the River Tees; the largest city is Guisborough.
Between 1974 and 1996, Cleveland was a county was formed from parts of the North Riding of Yorkshire and the county of County Durham. The county was not with the area, which is known as Cleveland, identical, especially among the southern parts of the traditional Cleveland, including Cleveland Hills not to do so. Their territory lay around the mouth of the Tees in the North Sea.
The four districts of the county were Hartlepool, Langbaurgh -on-Tees, Stockton -on-Tees and Middlesbrough, where also the administrative headquarters was. The county was 583 km ². They bordered on County Durham in the north; North Yorkshire to the south and the North Sea to the east.
In 1996, the county was dissolved. The district Langbaurgh -on-Tees was renamed Redcar and Cleveland and from this and the other districts were unitary authorities ( independent city of circles). Unlike, for example, South Yorkshire Cleveland was completely dissolved as a county and do not get around as a ceremonial county. However, the name is used more today, so there are, for example, the Cleveland Police, Cleveland Fire Brigade or BBC Radio Cleveland.
In the 19th century Cleveland played a central role in the growth of the iron industry. Middlesbrough grew into a large industrial city within a few decades. The mines in the Cleveland Hills were the main suppliers of iron ore, which was needed in the blast furnaces at the teas. The port of Middlesbrough is still one of the most important in the United Kingdom and the area between Middlesbrough and Redcar home until today many companies in the heavy industry.
The area is geographically very diverse. To the mouth of the Tees around the landscape of industry is dominated and largely urbanized. Large parts of the lowlands are used for agriculture. The southern part is very hilly.
Cities and towns
- Stockton -on-Tees
- Thornaby -on-Tees
- English county
- Geography (North East England )