Stockton -on-Tees is a town on the River Tees in North East England. The city is the administrative center of the Borough of Stockton -on-Tees and has according to the 2001 census, a total of 80 060 inhabitants.
- 4.1 Sons and daughters of the town
Stockton -on-Tees to Middlesbrough 's terms of population, the second largest city in the Teesside conurbation in North East England. Adjacent cities are Middlesbrough, Billingham, Thornaby -on-Tees, Darlington and Eaglescliffe.
The story of Stockton -on-Tees began as an Anglo- Saxon settlement near the River Tees. The first mention Stockton dated to the year 1183, in which the Bishop of Durham had carried out an inventory of his country. In 1310 the city received from the bishop market rights.
The Stockton Castle is first mentioned in 1376. It was conquered in 1644 by the Scots in 1646 and until occupied, but destroyed at the end of the English Civil War on behalf of Oliver Cromwell. At the site of the castle is now the Castlegate Centre, a shopping center. There are no exact descriptions of the castle.
In June 1890, Mayor Robert Ropner offered to the people of Stockton, which can be used as a public park. Three years later, on October 4, 1893, the park of the Duke and Duchess of York was opened. After a century of park from 2004 to 2007 was embellished.
Since 1994, the renowned Durham University maintains a campus in Stockton -on-Tees.
Among the most important industries of the city include shipbuilding, chemical and steel industries. Stockton -on-Tees is particularly known for the Stockton and Darlington Railway, the first public railway in the world, drove on the 1825 steam locomotive hauled trains. In the city there is also the oldest railway station in the world. The cityscape is dominated by buildings in the Georgian style.
The Stockton- Middlesbrough Initiative is a project to renew the core area of the Tees Valley. The focus of over 20 years long modernization program is on the opposing cities Stockton -on-Tees and Middlesbrough on the River Tees. It was elaborated a concept which provides for the unification of the two cities in a high quality 320,000 -inhabitant town in the Tees Valley at the end.
Stockton -on-Tees is connected via the highway-like -developed A- roads A19 and A66 good to the national road network. 20 km west at Darlington connection is obtained at the Motorway A1 ( M). Through the urban area also lead the A135, A139, A177, A1046 and A1130. From Stockton -on-Tees Railway Station hourly trains to Middlesbrough, Newcastle and Sunderland are offered. Only on Sundays there is a two hourly service.
Durham Tees Valley Airport is located 10 km south-west of the city center and can be reached via the A66 (exit Long Newton ). In addition, the bus line 20 connects the station from Stockton to the airport.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Kim Appleby ( b. 1961 ), musician
- Daniel Casey (born 1972 ), actor
- Lee Cattermole (* 1988), professional football player
- Ivy Close (1890-1968), beauty queen and actress
- Freddie Dixon (1892-1956), motorcycle and car racing
- George Elcoat (1864 - ), football coach
- Maurice Elvey (1887-1967), Film Director
- Richard Anthony Hewson ( born 1943 ), producer, arranger and multi-instrumentalist
- Lee - Steve Jackson, ( born 1980 ), biathlete
- Rob Jones ( born 1979 ), professional football player
- William Long (1922-2008), politician
- Colin Renfrew (* 1937), archaeologist
- Franc Roddam ( born 1946 ), film director, screenwriter and producer
- Bradley Saunders ( born 1986 ), professional boxer
- Thomas Sheraton (1751-1806), a furniture manufacturer
- Peter Smithson (1923-2003), architect
- Stephen Tompkinson (born 1965 ), actor
- John Walker (1781-1859), inventor of the match