Ceremonial counties of England
Ceremonial counties of England (English ceremonial counties ) are territorial units in England, which are assigned to a Lord Lieutenant, the personal representative of the British monarch. The assignment of the individual counties to the 48 ceremonial counties was set by the government in Lieutenancies Act 1997. The ceremonial counties are also often used as a geographical designations and therefore occasionally geographical counties (English geographic counties ) called. They must be distinguished from the traditional counties of England.
Its current structure,
After 1888 the previous system was changed the traditional counties by counties councils (English county councils ) were established and thus the system of administrative counties was built, the assignment of the countryside of England to the Lord Lieutenant, which until then was essentially consistent with the traditional counties ( with one exception, eg Bristol, the Lord Lieutenant one had been around for centuries ) reformed. The new division joined the administrative counties and county boroughs to areas that were similar to those of the traditional counties. For example, the ceremonial county of Leicestershire was formed from the administrative county of Leicestershire and the County Borough of Leicester. Areas, which were divided into several sub-regions (eg Suffolk in West Suffolk and East Suffolk ) were combined into a single ceremonial county. The resulting so after 1888 ceremonial counties voted substantially more consistent with those which existed prior to 1888.
With the exception of minor border changes this ceremonial counties existed until 1965. Were made this year with the formation of Greater London, the office of Lord Lieutenant in Middlesex was abolished. In addition, the administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough was re- formed; this change was not understood at the ceremonial counties.
In 1974, the County Boroughs as administrative units were disbanded and the system of administrative counties fundamentally reformed. At the same time the ceremonial counties have been modified in their cut, that they agreed with the administrative counties.
1990 some of the 1974 newly formed administrative counties was dissolved. These areas were assigned to either the existing ceremonial counties or groups to new:
- Avon was essentially split between Gloucestershire and Somerset, where Bristol regained its former status of a ceremonial county.
- Cleveland was split between North Yorkshire and County Durham.
- Hereford and Worcester was divided into the new ceremonial counties of Herefordshire and Worcestershire.
- Humberside was assigned to the part of the new ceremonial county of East Riding of Yorkshire, the remaining portion came to Lincolnshire.
Also in 1990, the status of Rutland was restored as a ceremonial county.