Bournemouth [ bɔ nməθ ː ] is located in the ceremonial county of Dorset in South West England. The resort is located between Poole in the west and Christchurch in the east on the south coast. Located about 172 km south-west of London on 50.43 degrees North latitude and 1.54 degrees West Longitude, the town overlooks the Bay Poole Bay. The motto of Bournemouth is " pulchritudo et Salubritas " ( German for " Beauty and Health ").
Bournemouth is one of the most popular tourist destinations on the south coast of England, mainly because of its long, clean beach, the numerous accommodation options, the great entertainment offer, the mild climate and the easy access to the hinterland of Dorset and Devon. The coastline is one of the warmest, driest and sunniest in the whole of England.
The population is 186,700, making Bournemouth together with the neighboring cities to one of the major commercial and industrial centers in the south of England.
The Bournemouth International Centre, situated near the city center ( BIC), which permits from the cliffs overlooking the sea and the pier of the town, is an important venue for conferences. There frequently party days of the British parties are held.
In the area of Bournemouth many rare UK animal and plant species can be found. The nearby Brownsea Iceland is one of the few places in the south, which still holds the red squirrel. The ant Formica pratensis was detected near Bournemouth until the 1980s, but is now apparently extinct.
In the oceanfront Royal Bath Hotel, east of the Central Gardens, have hosted many important guests have stayed, including Oscar Wilde, Herbert George Wells, Richard Harris, Sir Thomas Beecham and the Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, William Gladstone, Herbert Asquith and David Lloyd George. The royal visitors included Edward VII, Edward VIII, George VI. , Queen Wilhelmina (Netherlands ) and Empress Eugénie of France.
In 2003, the British pound Bournemouth Library was built for 9.5 million, which thus won the Prime Minister 's Better Public Building Award. The city also has a professional soccer club, AFC Bournemouth, who plays the second division in the Football League Championship. Home games are played " The First Stadium Fitness " in Boscombe in.
Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein, is located on the St. Peter's Churchyard buried. Moreover, died in this city J.R.R. Tolkien, author of Lord of the Rings. Here Barbara Joyce West Dainton was born, which is one of the last survivors of the Titanic disaster.
The main shopping streets in the city center are located behind the coastline on both sides of the small Bourne river. Many small paths lead through the gardens located below ( Lower Gardens ) easily and quickly to the sea. The shopping streets are almost all in the pedestrian zone in the numerous boutiques, larger shops, jewelers and shops have been set up for fashion accessories. One can find next to the big chain stores ( Debenhams, Beales, Marks and Spencer, BHS, Dingles ) Victorian arcades, such as between Westover Street and Old Christchurch Road, as well as hundreds of pubs, clubs, cafes, hotels and guest houses.
Bournemouth Airport ( IATA: BOH ) is located just northeast of Bournemouth on the grounds of the neighboring town of Christchurch.
Bournemouth has two railway stations, one of which is located north of downtown ( " Bournemouth Railway Station"), the other in the east of the city ( " Pokesdown Railway Station"). The south-western parts of Alum Chine and Westbourne you will find well over a lying on the territory of the neighboring town of Poole railway station ( " Branksome Railway Station").
Links to London are offered by National Express and Megabus from.
Bournemouth is Poole with so much grown together in the west and Christchurch in the east, that even from the South East Dorset conurbation ( metropolitan area south-east Dorset ) talks, which counts a total of around 390,000 inhabitants. Much of what is called " Bournemouth ", carries him strictly speaking falsely: the " Bournemouth International Airport " is located in the area of Christchurch, the " Bournemouth University " and the " Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra" are in Poole, and the commonly used term " Bournemouth Bay " is located on the bay, in Bournemouth, is wrong because the Bay officially " Poole Bay " is.
Within the city and the neighboring towns operate two bus companies. On the one hand Yellow bus, which have recently been acquired by the French Transdev. On the other hand buses run by Wilts & Dorset society, which of course are not yellow, but mostly red. Since there is no traffic group, you can not change to another company dissolved tickets. The companies compete vigorously - so advertises Wilts & Dorset, for example, so that it has the only air-conditioned buses. Both companies have made in July 2006, massive changes in the line and fare system, which has caused great annoyance to the population and to make headlines.
- Switzerland Lucerne, Switzerland, since 1982
- Israel Netanya, Israel
- Barbara Joyce Dainton ( née West), one of the last survivors of the Titanic disaster
- Josh Devine, British drummer
- Harold Geneen, American businessman
- Lawrence Grant, actor
- Lee Kerslake, Drummer
- Richard Palmer - James, guitarist
- Simon Preston, organist, conductor and composer
- John Philippe Rushton, British- Canadian psychologist
- Virginia Wade, British tennis player