The administrative area Greater London (English for Greater London ) in Great Britain comprises the central districts of the City of London, City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs; So the area which is commonly known as London. Although Greater London has a single management structure, it is not a city, but a region in which towns and cities are located. The area is 1572 km ² and in 2012 had 8,308,369 inhabitants Greater London. Since 2000 Greater London is managed by the Greater London Authority and governed by directly elected Mayor of London ( Lord Mayor ). Since 2008, this is Boris Johnson. The London Assembly is the legislative body.
Greater London was formed in 1965 when the City of London, County of London, County of Middlesex and parts of the counties of Essex, Kent, Surrey and Hertfordshire were assembled. Greater London thus encompassed all built-up areas within the green belt.
Greater London had at the beginning of a two-stage form of management. In the first stage of the Greater London Council (GLC ) and the Corporation of London were (in charge of the City of London ), including the 32 districts. The GLC was abolished in 1986 by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Some functions were transferred to the Corporation and 32 municipalities, other directly to the central government.
In 2000, the Labour government under Tony Blair created as part of an administrative reform, the Greater London Authority, consisting of the London Assembly and the Office of Mayor of London. Since then, Greater London has a single management again. The mayoral elections in 2000 and 2004 were both won by Ken Livingstone, the last chairman of the GLC. This was replaced in the 2008 elections by Boris Johnson of the Conservative Party.
Map of the London Boroughs
Residents in brackets (as UK Census, 2001)
Expressed in comparison with the EU GDP in purchasing power standards reached "Greater London " an index of 175.0 (EU -25: 100 ) (2003 ).