Greater London Authority
The Greater London Authority (GLA ) administers Greater London, ie the central districts of the City of London, City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. The new administrative authority began its activities on 3 July 2000 and consists of the directly elected Mayor of London ( Lord Mayor ) and the London Assembly ( the city council ) with 25 members. The GLA is housed in the newly built City Hall on the south bank of the Thames, next to Tower Bridge. The current Mayor is Boris Johnson.
Basis of this authority is the Greater London Authority Act 1999, which was passed by the British Parliament after a held on 7 May 1998 in future application area (with a low turnout of 34.1 %, with an approval rate of 72 %) befürwortendem referendum.
The new organization largely replaced its predecessor, the Greater London Council (GLC ). The GLC was abolished in 1986 by the Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, supposedly, but probably also because the Labour Party had the majority mostly because of inefficiency. The powers of the GLC were partly transferred to the municipalities, in part directly by the central government. Trigger the decision is likely to be (and later Mayor of 10 June 2004 to 1 May 2008) was the former GLC Chairman Ken Livingstone, who was angry with populist themes and spending on social programs. The GLA was created to improve the coordination between the different city districts again. The office of Mayor of London was created to have a representative of the whole city. The Mayor sets the political Day Trading firm, prepares the budget and gives advice to the transport and planning authorities of the capital. The main tasks of the London Assembly include the monitoring of Mayors, conducting investigations, changing the budget and the Submit proposals. Although the GLA has less power than its predecessor GLC, she has skills that the GLC never had. They can, for example, the members of the supervisory authority of the Municipal Police ( Metropolitan Police ) appoint.
The GLA is not to be confused with the Corporation of London and the Lord Mayor of London. This only control the City of London. While the GLA has a modern constitution, the structure of the political authorities of the City has remained unchanged since the Middle Ages.