City of London Corporation
The City of London Corporation ( prior to 2006 Corporation of London ) is the administrative authority of the City of London. It exerts control only over the City, but not over Greater London. The Corporation consists of the Lord Mayor of London, the Court of Aldermen (Assembly of Councillors ) and the Court of Common Council ( Council of the inhabitants). She also has no control over the Middle Temple and Inner Temple, two legally separate enclaves in the city.
To be eligible to vote, residents of the City of London must be at least 18 years old and be citizens of the United Kingdom, an EU or Commonwealth - State.
Entitled to vote is any entity ( business or organization ), which owns a property in the City. It is empowered to determine a number of electors, based on the number of employees. Bodies with up to 10 employees provide a voter, those with 10 to 50 employees provide for every five employees per a voter, those with more than 50 employees represent 10 voters plus one additional voter for each additional 50 employees. A corporation with 500 employees would therefore selector 19 (10 for the first 50 and 9 times a residual for the 450).
Although the employee count for the calculation of the voters from all states, only certain people may be delegated as voters ( the date is September 1 ):
- Those who have worked for the corporation during the last year,
- Those who were members of the Board of Directors of the corporation in the last year,
- Those who have worked at least five years for the body and for a specific time in the past five years were based in the City,
- Those who have worked at least ten years in the City ( at least once in the last five years).
Sole proprietorships and general partnerships may not appoint electors. However, the holders of such companies are entitled to vote if he or she resides and at the same time their work in the City.
The City of London is divided into 25 constituencies ( wards ). Each constituency elects one councilor ( Alderman ) and a number of representatives of the Court of Common Council, based on the size of the electorate. There are a total of one hundred and Councilmen.
There are currently 108 Livery Companies in London. These were formerly dealer associations, but at the present time whose role is mostly ceremonial, since many of the professions represented no longer exist. The members of the Livery Companies, the so-called Liverymen, forming a special electoral body, the Common Hall. This selects the Lord Mayor of London and other officials.
Court of Aldermen (Assembly of Councillors )
The constituencies elected their councilors ( aldermen ) earlier on in his lifetime, but the term is now limited to six years. The Alderman may, if he so wishes, make before the end of the term of office of a re-election. All aldermen must be citizens ( Freeman ) of the City. They also serve as a justice of the peace. An Alderman may also be selected in the Court of Common Council.
Court of Common Council ( Council of the population )
Each constituency elects a number of Common Councilmen, based on the population. A Common Councilman must be registered in his constituency as a voter, a plot of land in the City must own or rent, must for a year in the City must be resident and must be citizens ( Freeman ) of the City. Elections take place every year.
Lord Mayor and the sheriffs
The Lord Mayor of London and the two sheriffs ( Wizard of Lord Mayors ) are elected by the representatives of the Livery Companies. Choosing the sheriff made on the day of the summer solstice, that of the Lord Mayor on 29 September (or, if it falls on a weekend, on the next following business day). Both the Lord Mayor as well as the sheriff shall be elected for one year.
From the Occupy movement claims came in 2011, to democratize the City of London. Journalist George Monbiot has argued that the City of London is the only part of Britain over which Parliament had no authority. They supposedly exist outside the usual laws and acting as a sort of tax haven.