Teesside is a conurbation in North East England around the towns of Middlesbrough, Stockton -on-Tees, Redcar, Billingham and. From 1969 to 1974, was also the name of a county boroughs in the area. It is named after the River Tees flowing there in east-west direction in the North Sea. Teesside was in the 20th century important site of heavy industry, since the crisis of the industry in the UK it is nationally known for environmental pollution, unemployment and poverty.
The area began to develop around iron and steel production, since the First World War also attracted Chemical Industry to the river. The first chemical plant in Billingham was built after the Second World War was followed by a plant in Wilton. In the 1970s, various other chemical plants settled in Seal Sands. In the first half of the 20th century Teesside was mainly known for its rapid growth, but also suffered heavily from air pollution. While traditional industrial regions such as Liverpool had been struggling in the 1950s and 1960s with the first symptoms of crisis, Teesside was at this time still a growth region. Although the shipyards closed, but went politicians and industrialists believe that other industrial production could take over their role. Most of the chemical industry is now one of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI ), the steel industry in Teesside is dominated by British Steel. The chemical and steel works can be seen in the shallow valley from almost every point of view. However, their growth has not ceased to latest with the oil crisis of the mid 1970s, industrial production fell dramatically in Teesside. Between 1978 and 1984 British Steel stressed 69% of the jobs in the region, ICI between 1980 and 1984 30%. In the years 1975 to 1984 were lost in industry than 60,000 jobs were added in the services sector during just 4000.
Increasingly since the 1980s, unemployment burdened the area. The Cleveland County in Teesside had then multiply the highest unemployment rate of the United Kingdom, in several communities, the unemployment rate at that time about 30%.
Offshore wind farm
Offshore, the 2013 completed offshore wind farm Teeside. The wind farm consists of 27 wind turbines of the type Siemens SWT -2.3-93 with 2.3 MW rated power, which are equipped with rotors of 93 meters in diameter. The total capacity of the offshore wind farm is 62.1 MW.