The Fedora is a soft felt hat that is creased lengthwise down the crown and pinched inserted at the front on both sides.
It is said that he had been invented in the years between 1910 and 1920. However, the term was used in 1891 and he appeared already in the late 19th century as a clothing accessory of the upper class. Each hat, which resembles the Filzversion, Fedora is called, which includes hats made of straw and cloth. Similar hats with a C- crown ( with an indentation for the head in the top of the crown ) are occasionally called fedoras even. It is usually worn by men, women's versions are also to be found. At some fedoras small springs are inserted into the hatband, which is set to embellish the crown.
The word was borrowed from the play "Fedora " by Victorien Sardou in 1882. The heroine of the piece, Princess Fedora Romazova, there wore a hat in a similar style.
The Fedora was born in the early 20th century in a representative, industrialized environment as a stylish protection from wind and weather, while he was compact enough to keep up with the newer technology, such as the automotive, can coexist. He is often associated with the Mafia and the American Prohibitionsära with private investigators and is the crowning glory of the so-called Zoot Suits. Al Capone also made sure that the Fedora a fashionable piece of clothing was, he urged his men repeated this on to wearing gray fedoras, so that they could distinguish their own kind of law-abiding citizens.
The popularity of Fedora resulted in its large variety of available styles. Fedoras are conceivable in almost any color, but black, gray and brown are the most popular and widely used. In the U.S. you looked at Fedora as an indispensable part of the business or company suit. Most men did not go without leaving your home.
In Hollywood movies of the 40s actors often wore fedoras, especially if they were playing private detectives, gangsters, or " Tough guys ". Notable examples are Humphrey Bogart's character in Casablanca or The Maltese Falcon dar. The Fedora is closely associated with film noir characters.
As the melon lost the Fedora its popularity during the late fifties and early '60s, actually he lost on the U.S. West Coast earlier the favor of men. In the early fifties of the last century we went from long and wide skirts and ties to narrower forms, this also led to kurzkrempigeren hats, what the Fedora brought to his position as an indispensable garment. The Fedora received in recent years a small comeback, making it socially acceptable again. Only Orthodox Jews remained the Fedora over the years faithfully and wear black hats to this day.
- In Britain, the Fedora Trilby is called. This hat has a shorter brim, significant for him is that the rear part is sharp upward.
- In an Akubra is a felt hat of the same company from Australia. The company is so popular that for almost any slouch hat from Australia, the term has prevailed.
Occurrence in the media world
- The logo of the software company Red Hat shows a red fedora, worn by a white shade. The company Red Hat is also behind the Linux distribution named Fedora.