Humphrey DeForest Bogart ( born December 25, 1899 in New York; † January 14, 1957 in Los Angeles ) was an American film actor. With its depictions of hard, experienced, often cynical and consequently an inner moral code following characters he became one of the acting icons of the 20th century. 1999 the American Film Institute voted him "the greatest male American movie star of all time ".
The role of Privatdetektives " Sam Spade " in the film version of Dashiell Hammett's The Maltese Falcon crime had both James Cagney and George Raft also rejected. So John Huston reached in 1941 for his debut as a film director at Bogart back. The Maltese Falcon was influential and is considered the first representative of the film noir. Huston and Bogart made the success to stars of their guilds. For the actor of the callous, superficial by the gangsters hardly to be distinguished detective was an ideal transition from villain to hero. His opponent was the British actor Sydney Greenstreet, who several times came in the following years in this constellation to Bogart in appearance.
The following year, Bogart's first assignment was followed as well as the protagonist of a romantic love story in which eventually become a cult film Casablanca on the side of Ingrid Bergman. Casablanca won the 1943 Academy Award for "Best Picture ," Bogart received his first Oscar nomination.
Towards the end of his life Bogart was too great character roles in lavish productions. In 1952 he got for his role in John Huston's classic adventure movie The African Queen alongside Katharine Hepburn won the Oscar for Best Actor. In 1955 his last nomination for the presentation of psychotic captain in The Caine Mutiny.
After a little more than a year from 1926 to 1927 lasting marriage with actress Helen Menken stage ( 1901-1966 ) married Bogart in 1928 whose colleague Mary Philips ( 1901-1975 ). The spirited and just as Bogart the alcohol is not averse actress was not ready to give up her Broadway career and move to the film success of her husband with him to Hollywood. The marriage was divorced in 1938. That same year, Bogart married his colleague, Mayo Methot (1904-1951), a sober -friendly, the influence of alcohol, however, prone to outbursts of anger and jealousy woman. The couple was in Hollywood soon as the " contending Bogarts ". At the time of the divorce in 1945 she had been estranged for years.
1944 Bogart fell in love during the filming to Have and Have Not in his almost a quarter of a century younger partner Lauren Bacall. The two married in 1945. Bogart and Bacall led to a force in Hollywood today as exemplary happy marriage and were also together in four films. With 49 years Bogart was first a son, Stephen ( b. 1949 ), daughter Leslie followed in 1952.
According to one published in 1982 by Verita Thompson this some years was his mistress. Thompson was several years his personal assistant and for some movies his hair stylist ( in his last years was in Bogart films usually a toupee ).
Relaxation and distance - both professionally and privately - was the enthusiastic sailor aboard his sailing yacht " Santana ". When he was able to become independent of Warners, he named his film company founded in 1949, after his boat ( Santana Pictures Corporation ). By 1953 created seven full-length feature films. In two films, he did not play with yourself.
Mid-1950s, was diagnosed with esophageal cancer Bogart. A major operation in January 1956 had only life-prolonging character. Humphrey Bogart died on January 14, 1957 at the age of 57 years, emaciated to 36 kg. Bogart's ashes should - according to his wish - to be scattered at sea, but this was not permitted. He was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park ( Glendale ) in Glendale, California.
In many manufactured since the 1970s German dubbed versions - including numerous Neusynchronisationen - Humphrey Bogart was mostly spoken by Joachim Kemmer; For example, in Casablanca, High Sierra or Have and Have Not. In previously incurred dubbed versions of his films Bogart was also used by Wolfgang Lukschy (for example, Sabrina ), Paul Klinger (eg first German dubbed version of Casablanca, Beat the Devil ), Erwin Linder (for example, the mask down) or OE Hasse (for example, the Caine was spoken to her fate ).
In 1992, the image of Bogart as a computer-generated actors for the lead role in the episode You, Murderer was Tales from the Crypt used in the TV series.