Ferenc Erkel [ fɛrɛnʦ ɛrkɛl ], Franz Erkel ( born November 7, 1810 in Gyula ( Békés county ), † June 15, 1893 in Budapest ) was a Hungarian composer. He is the founder of the Hungarian National Opera. The second venue of the Hungarian State Opera in Budapest is named Erkel Színház ( Erkel Theatre ).
Life and musical work
Erkel descended from a Danube Swabian family. His father was the cantor teacher Joseph Erkel from Gyula ( Jula - German ). The young Erkel studied in Oradea and Pressburg music. Erkel was active as an opera conductor in Budapest from 1838 to 1853 and founded also the Philharmonic Society.
Go back to him a total of nine operas, which mix the Rossini style with the Hungarian folk dance music. Of these, today only the Hunyadi László and especially the Bánk are listed bán. The most enduring success achieved Erkel but with the melody of the Hungarian national anthem ( Himnusz ).
- Bátori Mária (composed and first performed 1840)
- Hunyadi László (composed 1841-1843, premièred 1844)
- Erzsébet (composed in 1857 by Franz and Karl Doppler Doppler, premiere 1857)
- Bánk bán (composed 1851-1860, premièred 1861)
- Sarolta (composed 1861-1862, premièred 1862)
- Dózsa György (composed 1864-1866, premièred 1867)
- Brankovics György (composed 1868-1872, premièred 1874)
- Névtelen Heroes' Square ( The nameless hero, composed 1875-1879, premièred 1880)
- István Király ( King Stephen, composed 1874-1884, premièred 1885)
Works for wind
- Bem- Petőfi march
- Hunyadi induló
- Magyar Himnusz
Erkel was since the 1840s alongside József SZEN ( and after his death in 1857 several years alone ) of the strongest chess players of Hungary. He was a member of the first Hungarian chess club, the Pest chess clubs, which was officially re-established in 1864. Erkel remained until his death 28 years, chairman of the association.
Because of his music career, he had twice the invitation to major international chess tournaments reject ( the Paris tournament in 1867 during the World's Fair and one in Baden -Baden, 1870). Kornel Ábrányi Erkel asked once why he lose so much time with moving figures. Erkel replied: " Ha sakkozom, nem kell legalább zenéről, a nem is mindig szellemes zenészekkel társalogni. " ( When I play chess, then I do not like to talk about music, often with little witty musicians. )