Fred Raymond

Fred Raymond (actually Raimund Friedrich Vesely, born April 20, 1900 in Vienna, † January 10, 1954 in Lingen ) was an Austrian composer.


Raymond was the third of four children ( three sisters) of Vincent Vesely, a Revidenten at the Austrian State Railways and his wife Henriette, born Dluhos. Both parents were of Czech descent. The son should study mining and strive for a civil service career after high school.

1915 Father and mother died in quick succession. Frederick and his three sisters were on their own. This prompted him to abandon his studies and to start a bank clerk at the Austrian National Bank. He also attended a scholarship from the World Business Academy and graduated. He made music back then only for personal pleasure and incidentally took further lessons in piano and harmony at the Vienna Conservatory.

His first listed in the Vienna Geselligkeisverein " Thespis " operetta in 3 acts bore the name of Madame incognito. Here he used the first time his later stage name Fred Raymond. After this first success, he made ​​contact with Fritz Grünbaum. The Jewish emcee and lyricist was director of the cabaret "Hell " in which the Singspiel little brother had been finely premiered by Leo Fall 1909. Green Tree mentored the young Fred Raymond, by letting write for the cabaret revue him, which was performed in 1924. It contained the hit I Miss Helen bathe see a text by Fritz Grünbaum.

Fred Raymond gave up his job as a banker in Vienna and went first to Frankfurt / Main. There he composed the song I've lost my heart in Heidelberg, which became the folk song and was his biggest success this time. 1927 used Fred Raymond this success and wrote with Bruno Hardt- Warden and Fritz Löhner- Beda the Singspiel I've lost my heart in Heidelberg on texts by Ernst Neubach. It was premiered on 29 April 1927 in his hometown of Vienna at the Vienna Volksoper. More successes came with the nonsense I tear hit me with an eyelash and stab you with it dead, and I stand with Ruth well.

From 1926 Fred Raymond was able to establish one of his latest hit as a film almost every year. The first film adaptation in 1926 should be repeated several times followed by adaptations of his important works for the stage.

In 1928, Raymond moved to Berlin. In the same year he had his next big success with the hit in a small pastry shop, which he then brought the Virgin of Avalon in 1929, first performed in Dresden musical comedy. Due to the great reputation Schlager, the authors changed the title of the comedy in In a small pastry shop. Also in 1929, was in Munich at this hit the first ( nor resynchronised ) sound film produced.

In 1930, Fred Raymond dedicated the new medium of sound film and composed a number of film themes. Also in the 1930s caused many operettas, whose successful 1937, the mask of blue was.

To Wehrmacht fed, Raymond wrote the hit It's all over, it all goes by on a text by Kurt Feltz, the Lale Anderson made ​​world famous. After the war he returned temporarily to his native Austria and worked as a resident composer in Vienna and Salzburg during the subsequent ORF.

Based in Hamburg, he published in 1948 further musical stage works that were premiered at the Flora Theatre and the Deutsches Schauspielhaus. 1951 Fred Raymond moved from Hamburg to Überlingen on Lake Constance. In the same year the National Theatre Mannheim released his last operetta lover Manuela. On January 10, 1954 Fred Raymond died unexpectedly of heart failure. He left his young wife Eva -Maria. The birth of his only son Thomas he did not live. His tomb is located in Überlingen on Lake Constance, a lyre decorated his marble grave stone.

In Vienna he was honored on his 80th birthday with the eponymous Fred Raymond Lane in the district of Donau City, in his adopted home Überlingen with the Fred Raymond Lane named after him.



  • Running to Happiness (1934 )
  • Of Nations (1935 ) Ball
  • Ride to Adventure ( 1935)
  • Grand Voyage (1936 )
  • Marielu (1936)
  • Maske in Blau (1937 )
  • Season in Salzburg ( Salzburg dumplings ) ( 1938)
  • The Pearl of Tokay (1941 )
  • Confetti (1948 )
  • Lilac from Vienna (1949 )
  • Mistress Manuela (1951 )


  • I've lost my heart in Heidelberg (1925, T.: Ernst Neubach and Fritz Löhner-Beda )
  • I have the Miss Helen bathe see (1926, T: Fritz Grünbaum )
  • I tear ' me an eyelash out (1928, T.: Charles Amberg )
  • In a small pastry shop (1929, T.: Ernst Neubach )
  • Yes, the temperament (1937, T.: Günther Schwenn )
  • At the Rio Negro (1937, T.: Günther Schwenn )
  • The Juliska from Budapest (1937, T.: Günther Schwenn )
  • When Toni with the Vroni (1938, T.: Max Wallner and Kurt Feltz )
  • And the music plays to (1938, T.: Max Wallner and Kurt Feltz )
  • It goes over everything, it's all over (1942, T.: Max Wallner and Kurt Feltz )
  • My brother makes the talkie noises ( T. Charles Amberg, composition of Fred Raymond and Luigi Bernauer ).


  • Delicatessen ( Germany 1930)
  • A great night ( Germany 1930)
  • Only am Rhein ( Germany 1930)
  • In a small pastry shop ( Germany 1930)
  • In Vienna, I once got a girl loved ( Germany 1930)
  • Girl will you like ...? ( Germany 1930)
  • I'll stay with you ( Germany 1931)
  • I've lost my heart in Heidelberg ( Germany 1931)
  • The happiness lives next door ( Germany 1939)
  • Maske in Blau ( Germany 1942)
  • Season in Salzburg ( Germany 1952)
  • Pearl of Tokay ( Austria 1952)
  • I've lost my heart in Heidelberg ( Germany 1952)
  • Maske in Blau ( Germany 1953)
  • Of Nations Ball ( Germany 1954)
  • Attorney Dr. Corda ( Germany 1954)
  • Season in Salzburg ( Austria 1961)