GEDCOM (English GEnealogical Data COMmunication ) is the specification of a data format that allows the exchange of data between different computer programs genealogy.

Description and Scope

The GEDCOM format ( file extension. Ged ) is purely text - based and contains the data of the individual persons of a family tree, as well as information about their family relationships. It was developed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ( Mormons), to support its members in genealogical research.

Many genealogy programs and genealogical sites on the Internet support this data format.


In 1985 the first draft version 1.0 was released in October 1987, version 3.0, the first version that was more than a design.

The current version 5.5.1 dated October 1999.

A draft version 6.0 ( GEDCOM XML) was launched in October 2000. However He is incompatible with the previous versions, as it is based on XML.