Golf-class submarine

A boat of the project 929a ( Golf II - class)

Komsomolsk shipyard 199

2 × electric motors PG -101 with 1,350 hp 1 × electric motor PG -102 with 2,700 hp

  • 3 × launch tubes for ballistic missile
  • 4 × torpedo tubes (bow) ∅ 533 mm
  • 2 × torpedo tubes (stern) ∅ 533 mm


  • 3 × ballistic missile R-13

The submarines of project 629 ( NATO reporting name Golf - class) were conventionally powered submarines armed with ballistic missiles of the Soviet Navy. They represent the only ever built in serial class of SSBs and stood from 1959 to 1990 in the service.


In January 1954, the Soviet military leadership gave the order to develop a diesel electric-powered submarine armed with a ballistic missile. With the development of this U- boat early in the year 1956, commissioned the OKB -16, whose plans were completed in March of the same year and largely the art of the project 641 ( Foxtrot - class) took over.

With the construction of the boats started from 1957 in the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk and Komsomolsk -on-Amur. From 1960 to 1962 a total of 23 boats of this type were put into service. A total of 16 of them in Severodvinsk units and seven units built in Komsomolsk. All seven boats were built in Komsomolsk incorporated into the Pacific Fleet stationed at Petropavlovsk. The boats produced in Severodvinsk were assigned to the Northern Fleet and the Baltic Fleet. As of 1959, the plans for the project 629 were sold to the People's Republic of China. There, however, only one submarine was built on the basis of these plans, presumably using supplied components from the Soviet Union.

Public sensation was caused by the K -129, which sank with 96 crew members in 1968 in the Pacific and was raised by the CIA partially (see Azorian project).

Most submarines of the class remained in service until 1990 and was then sold for scrap to North Korea. There were rumors to 2003, North Korea had the submarines not equal scrapped, but hung up over the years and studied.

Currently only have a Chinese boat in the Golf class in service. This was rebuilt from 1974 to the test platform for the then under development Chinese ballistic missile JL -1 (CSS -N -3). After this conversion, the boat could carry only one or two missiles. On October 12, 1982 the first successful launch of the JL- 1 of this boat. As of 1995, the boat was rebuilt again and since 2003, it serves as a test platform for the missile JL -2 (CSS -NX -4).


629 The project is mainly based on the Project 641 ( Foxtrot - class). The hull was divided into eight lockable compartments. The armament of ballistic missiles SS -1b Scud (range: 250 km ) was placed similar to the Project 658 (Hotel class) in an elongated tower construction. Unlike later U- boats boats of this project for firing the rockets had to surface.


Over time, the majority of boat has been modified. 14 boats of this class were rebuilt under the project 629B ( Golf II ) who received a larger fuselage to accept new missiles SS-N -5 Serb. In addition, the Golf - II class also had a new engine plant, which increased the speed by 2 knots. More conversions usually included only individual boats:

  • Project 601 ( Golf III ): A still further extended tower could accommodate six instead of three missiles SS-N- 8, whereby the displacement to 4000 GRT rose. The K -118 was rebuilt in 1969 in the manner described.
  • Project 605 ( Golf IV ): The K -102 was extended to 18 m, to be able to accommodate four tubes for missiles of the type SS -NX -13. This conversion also took place in 1969.
  • Project 619 ( Golf V ): The K -153 was rebuilt for another test new missiles. Used in this application was the SS -NX - 28th The conversion took place in 1976.
  • Project 629R ( Golf SSQ ): At the end of the 1970s were three boats converted into floating communications centers, including all armament was removed. Rebuilt were K -61, K -107 and Б - 42nd
  • Project 629E: The Б - 15 was converted in 1977 into a U- minelayer.

Documents and references