Henry Mangles Denham

Sir Henry Mangles Denham, CMG (* August 28, 1800; † July 3, 1887 ) was in the Royal Navy vice admiral and commander of the British Pacific Fleet, the Pacific Station.

Early career

Denham joined the Navy at the age of twelve years, specializing in hydrography and in 1822 was appointed lieutenant. From October 1827 he was commanding lieutenant on HMS Linnet and examined the French coast. , From September 1828 until March 1835, he explored the Bristol Channel, the Port of Liverpool and Milford, on 28 February 1839, he became a member of the Royal Society. From the 15th January, he was commander on HMS Lucifer, the second in office, under the command of Frederick William Beechey and examined the coast of Ireland. As of July 30, 1845, he was commander of HMS Avon, with which he explored the east coast of Africa.

Investigation of the South Pacific (1852-1861)

On February 18, 1852 Denham captain on the HMS Herald. As captain of HMS Herald, he made the main investigative work to Australia, New Caledonia and other areas in the South West Pazifk in the period 1852-1861.

The voyage of HMS Herald gave him a significant place in the history of naval investigation. During this time, examined and measured the Herald known land masses at high risk in the southwest Pacific and significant sections of the Australian coast, where Denham explored safe shipping routes; some " Herald - routes " are still in use today. In the period of Denham travel the southwestern Pacific was an unexplored place, as well as significant commercial activities and a colonial outpost. The Natural History Travel Essentials collected the naturalist William Grant Milne and John MacGillivray on expeditions in significant botanical and ornithological collections.

The cruise began in England on 21 February 1852, and the ship arrived in Australia on 18 February 1853. The ship began his studies with the visit of Lord Howe Iceland, the Isle of Pines (New Caledonia) and Aneityum (Vanuatu ) of 19 February 1853 to January 1, 1854 New Zealand and Raoul Iceland from 2 January 1854 to 2nd September 1854, Fiji September 3, 1854 to November 24, 1854, Norfolk Iceland. according to a second visit to Fiji on 25 June 1855 to 3 February 1856, the Herald was in June 1855 the re- settlement of the Pitcairn Islanders to Norfolk Iceland participates on 4 February 1856 to 26 June 1856. A third visit to the Fuji was then made ​​of 27 June 1856 to 26 February 1857 which was followed by an investigation of Port Jackson in New South Wales from 27 February 1857 to 20 December 1857 the Bass Strait, King George Sound and Shark Bay in Western Australia of 21 December 1857 to 29 June 1858. further three trips to the coral Sea took place from 30 June 1858 to 23 May 1860. the first trip of the Herald began in Sydney to Surabaya on 24 May 1860 to 20 November 1860 she put in Surabaya on 21 November 1860 and reached Chatham on June 1, 1861.

Supreme Commander of the Pacific

Of 10 May 1864 to the November 21, 1866 Denham served as commander in the Pacific. In 1866 he was knighted for his hydrographic merits and appointed a member of the Order of St Michael and St George. He stepped out of the service with the rank of Vice Admiral in 1871 from.


The town of Denham in Western Australia, the endemic New Caledonian tree Meryta denhamii and Denham Iceland in British Columbia were named after him by a member of the Royal Navy.


In 1826 he married Isabella, who died in 1865, the daughter of Reverend Joseph Cole from Carmarthen.