Henry Montgomery Lawrence

Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence ( born June 28, 1806 graduation, Ceylon, † July 4, 1857 in Lucknow ) was a British general.

Henry Montgomery was born on June 28, 1806 graduation, the son of Colonel Alexander Lawrence and attended the Foyle College in Derry. He then moved to the Green College in Bristol and studied from August 1820 at the military college at Addiscombe in England.

On 10 May 1822 he joined the Bengal Artillery. On 21 February 1823 he reached his post in Dum Dum. Lawrence took his battery at the First Anglo - Burmese War in part, where he took part in the conquest Arakans and fell ill with dysentery. This was followed by a stay in England and various military uses in India, during which he devoted himself to the study of indigenous languages. On September 12, 1832 his voice qualification was awarded.

In 1833, he was assistant surveyor revenue NWFP. On June 2, 1835 was promoted to full surveyor. On 14 January 1839 he became assistant to George Clerk and took over the civil administration of Ferozepore.

On March 31, 1840 Lawrence became assistant to the Commissioner for the Punjab and North West frontier and took part in a punitive expedition to Kabul. He commanded the Sikh contingent in Tezeen and detention Khotal and was with George Pollock, than this on September 16, 1842 Kabul reached. On December 1, 1843 Lawrence resident in Kathmandu. During the First Sikh War, he was appointed Commissioner for the Punjab and North West frontier and was present at the Battle of Sobraon and the occupation of Lahore. On 8 January 1847 he became a resident in Lahore. On home leave, he was appointed on 28 April 1848, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. During the Second Sikh War, he took part in the siege of Multan and the Battle of Chillianwala.

In 1849 he became chief of the Administrative Commission for the Panjab. Lawrence was an opponent of the annexation of the Punjab and came upon this question by Governor General James Andrew Broun - Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, together. 1852 as political agent for Rajputana, he was also appointed to the Supreme and aide to the Queen on June 19, 1854 on. Lawrence was awarded in March 1857, the administration of Oudh and died during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 in the defense of Lucknow from the effects of damage caused by a shrapnel wound in the left thigh on July 4, 1857 as a brigadier general.

His eldest son, Alexander Hutchinson, one of the three children who survived Lawrence was raised because of the merits of his father, a baronet.

According to him were, among others, Henry Lawrence Iceland in the Indian Ocean and the city of Lawrence named in New Zealand.


  • Some Passages in the Life of an Adventurer in the Punjab
  • Adventures of an officer in the service of Runjeet Singh
  • Military and Political Essays
  • Essays on the Indian Army and Oude