J. M. Barrie
Sir James Matthew " J. M. " Barrie, Baronet ( born May 9, 1860 in Kirriemuir, Scotland, † June 19, 1937 in London) was a Scottish novelist and playwright. Peter Pan is his most famous literary figure.
James M. Barrie was born in Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland, the ninth child and third son of David and Margaret Barrie (née Ogilvy ). His father was a weaver. His mother encouraged him to form through reading. Barrie visited the Dumfries Academy. He studied at Edinburgh University he graduated in 1882 as Master of Arts. He then worked as a journalist for the Nottingham Journal, until he moved to London in 1885. In 1894 he married the actress Mary Ansell; the marriage ended in divorce in 1909 childless. In 1913, Barrie was awarded the title of baronet. He died in 1937 and was buried in Kirriemuir. There lie the remains his parents, his sister and his 14 -year-old late brother David.
Barrie's first two novels are set in Thrums, but let it recognize it as his birthplace, Kirriemuir. After that, he wrote for the theater, including Quality Street, What Every Woman Knows and The Admirable Crichton. He became famous by Peter Pan. His most famous character was inspired by the children of his friend Sylvia Llewelyn -Davies, he sustained after her death in 1910 and raised them. These children were named George, Jack, Peter, Michael and Nico.
As children, friend Barrie bequeathed all rights to the books, films and plays of Peter Pan to the Great Ormond Street Hospital, a London children's hospital. 1988, the British Parliament enacted a law ( Section 301, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988), after which the copyright of the hospital to Peter Pan in the UK - do not expire by lapse of time - unlike in the general copyright ( usually protection period ). The presumption, Barrie had pedophilic tendencies, was always re- hired, but always discarded again. Most recently, she reappeared in 2000 in the British press on.
His birthplace, 4 Brechin Road, was established by the National Trust for Scotland as a museum.
In October 2004, the film Finding Neverland was released in theaters, the life Barrie (played by Johnny Depp ) and portrays the creation of his fantasy world of Peter Pan. Since it is not a purely biographical work, a lot of facts could be changed. The German version of the film was launched under the title Neverland in February 2005.
Barrie's book Quality Street was used by the company Mackintosh from 1936 for the description of goods in a series of high-quality chocolates and toffees. The packaging in cardboard boxes and metal cans adorn two figures, " The Major and the Lady", which are also borrowed from Barrie's play.
- Auld light Idylls (1888 )
- A Window in Thrums (1890)
- The Little Minister (1891 )
- Jane Annie (1893 )
- Sentimental Tommy (1896 )
- Quality Street (1901 )
- The Little White Bird ( 1901)
- The Admirable Crichton (1902 )
- Tommy and Grizel (1902 )
- Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Would not Grow Up (1904 )
- What Every Woman Knows (1908 )
- The Twelve Pound Look ( 1910)
- Peter and Wendy (1911 )
- Dear Brutus (1917 )
- Mary Rose (1920 )
- The Boy David (1936 )