John R. Arthur, Jr.

John Read Arthur Junior ( born December 17, 1931 in Omaha, Nebraska) is an American chemist and materials scientist. He developed in the late 1960s with Alfred Y. Cho at Bell Laboratories, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE ).

Arthur attended the Iowa State University with a bachelor's degree in 1954 and his doctorate in physical chemistry in 1961. From 1961 to 1977 he was at Bell Laboratories. From 1977 to 1983 he conducted research at Perkin -Elmer, and from 1983 he was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Oregon State University. From 1992 he was director of the Center for Advanced Material Research and he retired in 1996.

He works alongside MBE with solid surfaces (adsorption, reaction kinetics at semiconductor surfaces), thin films, Scattering of molecular beams from surfaces, Auger spectroscopy and electron diffraction. In 1982 he received the IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award and the James C. McGroddy Prize for New Materials of the American Physical Society. In 1988 he was awarded the Gaede - Langmuir Award of the American Vacuum Society.

John Arthur is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Vacuum Society ( and its president in 1983 ).


  • Cho Molecular beam epitaxy, Prog Solid State Chem, 10, 1975, p 157-192
  • Interaction of Ga and As2 molecular beams with GaAs surfaces, Journal of Applied Physics, 39, 1968, 4032-4034