Nebraska (English pronunciation [ nɪbɹæskə ] ) is a U.S. state in the Midwest of the United States. The name Nebraska comes from an Indian word meaning "flat water ". The name comes from the Platte River that flows through the state. Originally part of the " Great American Desert ", Nebraska is now a major producer of agricultural products. This is demonstrated by even the epithet of Nebraska " Cornhusker State" ( " corn peeler State").
The people of Nebraska have been transformed with modern agriculture, the prairie plains in a land of ranches and farms. The history of Nebraska is therefore deeply connected with agriculture.
- 3.1 Governors
- 3.2 Congress
- 4.1 religions
- 4.2 Largest cities
- 5.1 universities
- 5.2 National Monuments
Nebraska's neighboring states are South Dakota to the north; Iowa and Missouri to the east, behind the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. The largest city is Omaha Nebraska; the capital of Nebraska is Lincoln. The state is divided into 93 counties.
Nebraska is surrounded by the Great Plains on the western foothills of the grain belt and is mainly counted for the Midwest. One of the slogans of Nebraska is: "Where the West Begins " ( Where the West begins ).
A special feature is that no matter in which direction, at least three borders to other states or the state border must be crossed to Canada to reach the sea.
The Kansas - Nebraska Act ( Kansas-Nebraska Act ) occurred on 30 May 1854 in force, with the result that the country became a territory of the United States, in the states of Nebraska and Kansas.
In the 1860s, the first wave of settlers came through the Homestead Act ( Homestead Act) to Nebraska to take the asked by the government to use land in possession. Nebraska was on 1 March 1867, shortly after the American Civil War, was added as the 37th state in the Union.
Nebraska is the only state of the United States with unicameral in the legislation. The members of this Parliament, the Nebraska Legislature to " senators " call.
In his political orientation Nebraska is typical of the States of the Great Plains. The predominantly rural part of the state is deeply conservative Republican- dominated, while the Democrats only in the only two cities, Lincoln and Omaha, occasionally can achieve success. In the U.S. Senate, the state is represented by the Republican Mike Johanns and Deb Fischer. Nebraska's delegation to the House of Representatives of the 113th Congress consists of the three Republicans Jeff Fortenberry, Lee Terry and Adrian M. Smith.
The allocation of electoral votes in presidential elections Nebraska differs by the special voting rights of the other states. Nebraska awards two of its five electoral votes to the winner in the overall state. The three remaining electors are determined by the "Popular Vote" in Congress constituencies Nebraska. This means that Nebraska does not have to necessarily vote unanimously - which has so far been only once, in the 2008 presidential election, occurred as a Republican despite overall win an electoral vote went to the Democrats. The only other state that chooses after this procedure, Maine.
- List of Governors of Nebraska
- List of Vice Governors of Nebraska
- List of U.S. Senators from Nebraska
- List of congressman from Nebraska
1900-1990 2000 2010
Nebraska has 1,826,341 inhabitants ( 2010 census ), of which 88.6 % White, 4.1% Black and African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.7 % Asian, 7.4% Hispanics.
The most members religious communities were the Catholic Church with 372,791, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 128,570, the Lutheran Church in 2000 - Missouri Synod with 117,419 and the United Methodist Church with 117,277 adherents.
- List of cities in Nebraska
Culture and sights
- Bellevue University
- Chadron State College
- Clarkson College
- College of Saint Mary
- Concordia University, Nebraska
- Creighton University
- Dana College
- Doane College
- Grace University
- Hastings College
- Midland Lutheran College
- Nebraska Christian College
- Nebraska Wesleyan University
- Peru State College
- Southeast Community College
- Union College
- University of Nebraska- Lincoln
- University of Nebraska Medical Center
In Nebraska, there are three National Monuments of the U.S. federal government:
- Agate Fossil Beds National Monument - a fossil deposit
- Homestead National Monument of America - in memory of the settlers to the homestead law
- Scotts Bluff National Monument - a distinctive milestone in the great settler routes
Economy and infrastructure
The real gross domestic product per capita (English per capita real GDP) was U.S. $ 36 441 ( national average of 50 U.S. states: USD 37,714; national rank order: 21) in 2006.
Nebraska is a producer of agricultural products, especially corn, wheat, sorghum, soybeans and sugar beets. Of importance is the pigs and cattle. Nebraska also has oil and gas deposits.
- Fred Astaire, dancer and actor
- Marlon Brando, actor
- Warren Buffett, a major investor
- Henry Fonda, actor
- Gerald Ford, 38th U.S. President
- Nick Nolte, actor
- Conor Oberst, musician
- Andy Roddick, tennis players
- Elliott Smith, musician
- Nicholas Sparks, author
- Hilary Swank, Actress
- Malcolm X, American leader of the civil rights movement