1860 United States Census

The United States Census 1860 was the eighth Census in the U.S. since 1790. As a result, the count was 1 June for the U.S. to date in 1860 identified a total population of 31,443,321 inhabitants, of which 3,953,761 were slaves.

The data contain information on the number of residential buildings, number of families and their members each with age, gender, skin color, profession or education ( for those aged over 15 years ), land value, value of personal property, place of birth, date of birth, marital status, illiteracy ( for those aged over 20 years ), disability ( deafness or deaf-mutism, blindness, insanity, feeble-mindedness ), neediness, a criminal record.