Iowa ( English pronunciation [ aɪəwə ] ) since the accession to the Union on December 28, 1846 29th state of the United States of America. The state is located in the Midwest and is known for the cultivation of corn and the great outdoors. Exceptions to the rural and small urban structure merely form the major regions around Des Moines, Cedar Rapids and Sioux City.
- 2.1 religions
- 2.2 Largest cities
- 3.1 pioneer in civil rights
- 4.1 Governors
- 4.2 Congress
The Mississippi River forms the eastern border of the state, as well as the western border in the south of Sioux City by the Missouri River and north of Sioux City by the Big Sioux River is formed. The topography of the state is characterized by rolling plains. Loess surveys can be found along the western border, some are several hundred feet thick. Among the few naturally formed lakes are Spirit Lake, Lake Okoboji and West Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa.
The lowest point is the Mississippi River at Keokuk in Southeast Iowa ( 175 m), the highest point is Hawkeye Point (509 m). In relation to the surface, the height differences are small.
With an area of 145,743 km ² it is ranked 26th by area size. 1042 km ² (0.71 percent) of the state are water surfaces.
Expansion of the national territory
Iowa extends over a width of 320 km from 40 ° 36'N to 43 ° 30'N and has a length of 500 km from 89 ° to 96 ° 31'W 5'W.
Iowa has 3,002,555 inhabitants (as of 2008), of which 93.0 percent white, 2.3 percent black or African American, 3.8 percent Hispanic or Latino, 1.5 percent Asian and 0.3 percent American Indian.
The largest religious group in Iowa is the Roman Catholic Church, to which roughly 23 percent of the population count. The single Protestant denominations are much less well represented. However, if the various Protestant groups added, Iowa is more influenced by Protestant. The most members religious communities in 2000 were the Catholic Church with 558,092, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 268 543 and the United Methodist Church with 248,211 adherents.
The building " Trinity Church " of the place Manning became known (Iowa). Because of the reduced community she was transported with difficulty on a low loader in a 10 km drive away.
To the question, "What is your religion " answered in 2001 the population of Iowa:
- 23% Catholics
- 16 % Lutheran
- 13% Methodists
- 6% other
- 5% no answer
- 5% Baptists
- 5 % Christian
- 3% Presbyterian
- 2 % Protestant
- 2% Pentecostal
- 2% Congregational / United Church of Christ
- 1% Church of Christ
In the northeast of the state lies on the banks of the Mississippi River, the Effigy Mounds National Monument, a memorial monument and archaeological reserve for Mounds called artificial hills, built by an early Native American culture in the Woodland period between 500 BC and about the year 1200 were.
The state was named after the Iowa Tribe and 1846, the 29th state. Iowa is also called the " Hawkeye State" ( Hawkeye State ), as a tribute to Chief Black Hawk.
With its fertile prairies and the predominance of agriculture, it is considered one of the typical states of the Midwest, because 90 percent of the area is used for agriculture. Iowa is also called " Corn State " because of the cultivation of corn. Hunting and fishing are popular. In addition, there are many parks often also of historical significance.
Iowa's first capital was Iowa City. As the population center of the increasing population moved westward, it was decided to move the capital closer to the geographic center of the state. 1857 Des Moines was determined as the capital.
Pioneer in the civil rights
Iowa has always been a pioneer in the granting of civil rights. 1839 declared the Iowa Supreme Court, the highest court in the state, slavery illegal, decades before this issue was resolved at the national level in Nachgange the Civil War. 1868, the court ruled that even forms of segregation, ie about racial segregation in schools in Iowa are inadmissible, while the Supreme Court of the United States in 1953 precipitated a corresponding judgment. 1873 was decided by the Iowa Supreme Court that racial discrimination is illegal in public places is against the law, nearly a hundred years before the court decision at the national level.
1869 Iowa was the first state that allowed women the right to pursue legal scientific professions.
2009, the Iowa Supreme Court unanimously ruled that a state law that prohibits the marriage of homosexuals, violates the rights enshrined in the Constitution the principle of equality and is therefore void. Thus, Iowa became the third state to Massachusetts and Connecticut, are allowed to marry in the same-sex partners.
Of particular importance to the state in the election campaigns for the U.S. presidency: Traditional Iowa is the state in which the first primaries of the parties are held. They give the people of Iowa in election years a considerable political force.
Furthermore, Iowa is a swing state, in which the predictions of choice outputs are difficult. Although there were in Iowa a democratic dominance from the late 1980s to the turn of the century, but in the presidential election in 2004 was Iowa, with scarce conceivable result, for the first time since 1984 to the Republicans. Currently represents Iowa since 2012 six electors in the Electoral College. In 1988 there were eight. 2008 regained the Democrats the majority; 2012 succeeded in doing so again.
- List of Governors of Iowa
- List of Vice Governors of Iowa
Iowa's current senators are Chuck Grassley (R / 2017 ) and Tom Harkin ( D / 2015 ). In the House of Representatives of the 113th Congress, there is a delegation of the state of two Democrats and two Republicans. The loss of a constituency, due to adjustments according to the United States Census 2010, was at the expense of the Democrats who had previously owned a 3-2 majority.
- List of congressman from Iowa
- List of U.S. Senators from Iowa
Economy and infrastructure
The real gross domestic product per capita (English per capita real GDP) was U.S. $ 35 662 (national average of 50 U.S. states: USD 37,714; national rank order: 24) in 2006.
Iowa's main products are hogs, corn, soybeans, potatoes, beef and dairy products. Other products are goods for food production, machinery, electronics, chemical products, also products of the printing industry and the metal industry. The unemployment rate is 4.8 percent of Iowa ( 2004). In the small village Froehlich in northeastern Iowa, the tractor was invented. Today, the tractor manufacturer John Deere produces a significant portion of its products in the works in Davenport and Waterloo. The state of Iowa is part of the Corn Belt.
The main public universities are the Iowa State University, the University of Iowa and the University of Northern Iowa. More universities are listed in the list of universities in Iowa.