John Soane

Sir John Soane [ səʊn ] RA ( born September 10, 1753 Reading and Goring- on-Thames, between Oxfordshire and Berkshire; † January 20, 1837 in London) was a British architect and professor at the Royal Academy. Starting from the tradition of classicism, his works were assigned to the Regency. The most important architectural work was the establishment of the Bank of England. His thoughts about architecture, refer to the twelve lectures at the Royal Academy from 1809 to 1836.

The Childhood

About the early childhood of John Soane anything definite can be limited say and Soane has later for family reasons not helped lighten them. In the parish registers of Goring he has no proof. He was probably as the seventh child of Martha Soane, born Marcy and John Soane (older spelling Soan ) born.

The training

As of 1761, at the age of 8 years, Soane attended the school of William Baker in Reading. 1768 attracted parents and his sisters back to Goring- on-Thames. His older brother William led his father's craft, a mason (local builders ) in Chertsey continued. John began in 1767 with him as an apprentice bricklayer. In 1768 he was presented by James Peacock, a surveyor, the architect George Dance the Younger, who received him and promoted. 1771 Soane began on a proposal and through the mediation of George Dance the study of architecture. John Soane was one of the first professionally trained architects founded in 1768 the Royal Academy School of Architecture. At this led by Sir William Chambers and George III. borne University studied Soane to 1778. study designs for Soane won the silver medal in 1772 and 1776, the Gold Medal of the Academy. As an award him a travel grant of the king was awarded in 1778.

Soane was traveling together with his student friend Thomas Hardwick Junior to Rome. In Rome he met the architect and Bishop of Derry, Frederick Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, whom he later accompanied to Ireland.

Two years later he returned to the Kingdom of Great Britain and founded his own architectural office.

The early work 1781-1792

From 1788, he was appointed by the promotion of William Pitt the successor of Sir Robert Taylor as architect and surveyor to the Bank of England.

The Middle Period 1792-1820

He was responsible for the construction of the gallery and the mausoleum in Dulwich in the time from 1811 to 1813. He was also on the design of the rooms of Downing Street. 10 and 11 are involved. On March 28, 1806 he was appointed Professor of Architecture at the Royal Academy. 1831 John Soane was knighted. In the house Soane had housed his art and collectors' pieces that come from traveling and from auctions. Here is How to find ancient sculptures, the sarcophagus of Egyptian Pharaoh Seti I, paintings and models of his buildings.

In some rooms, he had to make to accommodate his many paintings, install doors in the walls. If you open this, figure it out - and on the back of the doors - new paintings to light. In order to present his ideas and building sketches to each contractor, he let a painter paint this building - this building painted for advertising purposes in the jungle and fantasy landscapes; and some paintings show exploded views of buildings - about a bird's eye view of the Bank of England, with omitted walls and shelves so that the viewer learns about the inner workings. With these revolutionary for that time paintings Soane went to the builders.

The later works 1820-1833

1837 Sir John Soane died at the age of 84 years in London. His grave is still in St Pancras Gardens, the former cemetery of Old St. Pancras. The tomb was designed by Soane his wife's death itself. The shallow domed roof of the small mausoleum was the direct model for the roofs of the earlier red phone booths in the UK for the architect Giles Gilbert Scott.

The influence of his work

It belongs alongside John Nash and Sir John Wyatvill of the most famous architects of the Regency. His work especially the works of architects in the 20th century in particular has influenced postmodernism.

Dealing with the estate planning

On April 20, 1833 two of the three adjacent and continuing through Soane's continued construction interwoven houses, no. 12 and no. 13 Lincoln 's Inn Fields, declared a national Sir John Soane 's Museum. In the Act for setting and preserving Sir John Soane 's Museum, Library and Work of Art in Lincoln 's Inn Fields, in the County of Middlesex, fort he benefit of the public, and for Establishing a Sufficient Endowment continued he maintenance of the same was the Act of Parliament (3 ° Gul. IV, Cap iv ) the will of Sir John Soane taken into account to get the work in its original state. He wrote: One of the objects I had in view was to shew, partly by graphic illustration, the union and close connection in between Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, - Music and Poetry; - Another purpose is, the natural desire of leaving works of Art thesis subject as little as possible to the chance of Their being removed from the position Relatively Assigned to them, They having been Arranged as studies for my own mind, and being Intended similarly to benefit the future generations of artists. That have occurred after his death changes the overall artwork of Sir John Soane to increase by dismantling since 2004, the authenticity of the building and collection. In particular, future changes in the illumination and the spatial structure of the collection areas to be corrected. By 2012, the 200th anniversary of the house, is 1840 destroyed Soane's private apartment on the second floor of the main house no. 13 restored with its extensive collection of 80 historical architectural models and previously missing Besucherräulichkeiten (wardrobe etc. ) in house no. 12 are established. The divested by the heirs Soane's House No. 14 was added in 1997 acquired by the Museum Foundation and restored until 2006.

John Soane's summer house, Pitzhanger Manor in Ealing, London, which he designed in 1800 and was complete by 1804, is now open to the public as well as a gallery and museum. The house was around 1900, when it served as a public library, two additions which affect the original impression.


  • Soane, Sir John (1835 ) Memoirs of the Professional Life of an Architect in between the years 1768 and 1835 written by Himself, London: Sir John Soane.
  • Soane, Sir John (1830, 1832, 1835-6 ) Description of the House and Museum on the North Side of Lincoln 's Inn Fields, London: ....

Work Overview


  • Sir John Soane (1835 ) Memoirs of the Professional Life of an Architect in between the years 1768 and 1835 written by printed, London: ....


  • Downhill, Co. Derry, 4th Earl of Bristol and Bishop of Derry.


Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, late Sir Francis Bourgeois



  • Fan Grove, Berkshire, Admiral Henry Hotham Sr.
  • Wotton Manor, Somerset, Sir Alexander Hood.


  • Pet Wall, Staffordshire, Purney Sillitoe.



  • Hardenhuish, Wiltshire, Thomas Clutterbuck.


  • 30 Belgrave Place, London, Sir Francis Chantry.